Logo of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) | healthyindiachronic
The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) was established in 1942 as an autonomous body by the Government of India to promote scientific knowledge and stimulate industrialization and economic growth.
It also focuses on radio and space physics, oceanography, geophysics, chemicals, drugs, genomics, biotechnology, nanotechnology, mining, aeronautics, instrumentation, environmental engineering and information technology.
The Companies Registration Act 1860 allows CSIR to operate as an autonomous organization while receiving funding from the Department of Science and Technology. The headquarters of CSIR is in New Delhi.
The CSIR maintained a large number of national laboratories and field stations with thousands of scientists and researchers. CSIR was ranked 17th in the world among government institutions according to the prestigious Scimago Institutions Rankings 2019 report.
Achievements of the CSIR:
Drishti Transmission: This is an innovative indigenous visibility system that is economical and suitable for all types of airports. It informs pilots about visibility for safe take-off and landing operations.
A substantial contribution was made by CSIR-National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL), which created a heads-up display (HUD) for India’s Tejas light combat aircraft.
It was created by CSIR-The Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (CMERI) laboratory based in Durgapur. It requires the least amount of space to produce sustainable energy.
An improved variety of Samba Mahsuri resistant to fire blight has been developed by CSIR and ICAR.
Aquifer mapping using surface magnetic and helicopter-borne transient electromagnetic techniques was carried out in six different geological areas in Rajasthan (2), Bihar, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu.
Some of CSIR’s important laboratories:
CSIR-Advanced Materials and Processes Research Institute, Bhopal
CSIR-Central Glass Ceramic Research Institute, Kolkata
CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow
CSIR-Center of Cellular Molecular Biology, Hyderabad
CSIR-Central Mining and Fuel Research Institute, Dhanbad
CSIR-Central Institute of Aromatic Medicinal Plants, Lucknow
CSIR-Central Leather Research Institute, Chennai
CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, Delhi
CSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, Jammu
CSIR-Indian Institute of Petroleum, Dehradun
CSIR-National Aerospace Laboratories, Bangalore.
CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow
CSIR-Institute of Microbial Technology, Chandigarh
CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (Nagpur)
CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography, Goa
CSIR National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jamshedpur
CSIR-National Physics Laboratory, New Delhi
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