public health – Vet Clin Path Journal http://vetclinpathjournal.org/ Sat, 16 Apr 2022 00:03:43 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://vetclinpathjournal.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/cropped-icon-32x32.png public health – Vet Clin Path Journal http://vetclinpathjournal.org/ 32 32 Itle Named New Washington State Vet | North West https://vetclinpathjournal.org/itle-named-new-washington-state-vet-north-west/ Sun, 13 Mar 2022 07:00:00 +0000 https://vetclinpathjournal.org/itle-named-new-washington-state-vet-north-west/

Amber Itle, a veterinarian with the Washington State Department of Agriculture since 2013, has been named the new state veterinarian. She succeeds Brian Joseph, who retired last summer.

Itle first joined the department in 2013 as a field veterinarian and was named assistant state veterinarian in 2017, according to a WSDA press release. After Joseph retired last summer, Itle was appointed as the acting state veterinarian.

During her time at the State Department, Itle responded to animal disease outbreaks, including avian influenza in 2014-2015 and rabbit hemorrhagic disease in 2019. In recent years, she has worked to increase awareness of the office of the state veterinarian, expanded the use of identification tags in the state’s livestock industry, built infrastructure to support animal disease traceability statewide, developed documentation of guidance in responding to animal welfare cases and provided subject matter expertise on animal care issues during natural disasters.

In the statement, Derek Sandison expressed confidence in Itle’s ability to lead the state veterinarian’s office and said she “is well regarded by our state’s livestock industry and cares deeply animal health and welfare”.

In his new role, Itle will manage the department’s animal health, avian health and animal disease traceability programs, which aim to protect animal health and welfare, contain and eradicate animal diseases and protect public health by limiting exposure to zoonotic diseases. She is the current president of the US Animal Health Association and the Western States Livestock Health Association. She also chairs several animal health and welfare committees with the National Assembly of State Animal Health Officials, according to the statement.

Itle grew up on her family’s fourth-generation dairy farm. She learned to do everything from milking cows and bottling milk at the processing plant, to running a milk route for door-to-door delivery service. Her father and sister are also veterinarians. She spent 10 years as a veterinarian for cattle, horses, and sales yards in the private sector before joining the Washington State Department of Agriculture.

Itle holds a Bachelor of Science degree from Pennsylvania State University, a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree from the University of Pennsylvania, and a Masters degree in Animal Welfare from Columbia University. British. Her hobbies include hiking, skiing and mountain biking, and she is married with three children.

She can be reached online at agri.wa.gov or by phone at (360) 902-1800.

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Institute of Infectious Diseases of the Institute of Human Virology https://vetclinpathjournal.org/institute-of-infectious-diseases-of-the-institute-of-human-virology/ Thu, 03 Mar 2022 04:18:20 +0000 https://vetclinpathjournal.org/institute-of-infectious-diseases-of-the-institute-of-human-virology/

BALTIMORE, March 3, 2022—The University of Maryland School of Medicine Institute of Human Virologya Global Virus Network (GVN) Center of excellence, physician researchers played a collaborative role in the successful transplant last month of a genetically modified pig heart into a patient with end-stage heart disease by creating strategies for monitoring pathogens and developing an infection prevention strategy for this important, unprecedented medical advance.

“Complications from infectious diseases are always a concern in the field of organ transplantation, whether they are infections related to the recipient or the donor, which in this case remarkably happens to be a pig,” said Kapil Saharia, MD, MPH, Assistant Professor of Medicine at the Institute of Human Virology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and Chief of the Solid Organ Transplant Infectious Diseases Service at the University of Maryland Medical Center. “We are excited to work synergistically on this one-of-a-kind transplant by innovating in laboratory tests and protocols that enable monitoring of potential infections derived from pig donors. »

To reduce the risk of infection, the donor pig was raised in a disease-free laboratory environment and screened for many known porcine pathogens before being brought to the laboratory. Although all pigs are known to have the endogenous porcine retrovirus, researchers had not detected any transmission to humans or non-human primates in previous studies.

Procedures that transfer tissues or organs from one type of animal to another are known as xenotransplantations. The Cardiac Xenotransplantation Program of UMSOM, led by Bartley Griffith, MD, Thomas E. and Alice Marie Hales Emeritus Professor of Transplant Surgery at UMSOM, and Muhammad M. Mohiuddin, MDProfessor of Surgery at UMSOM, has tapped into the world renowned Institute to preemptively minimize any possible risk of potential infection.

“The quality of support from IHV for our experimental surgery has been of great help to us,” said Dr. Griffith. “Our preoperative preparation and postoperative pathogen monitoring has been a significant pathway to discovery and treatment.

Dr Mohuiddin said: “Although the evidence is lacking, there is real concern about porcine pathogens causing disease in humans. We will continue to follow the patient carefully with the help of the IHV for zoonotic diseases.

Robert C. Gallo, MD, Homer & Martha Gudelsky Emeritus Professor of Medicine and Co-Founder and Director of the Institute of Human Virology at UMSOM, and Co-Founder and International Scientific Director of the GVN said: “Nearly four years ago, the xenotransplantation group came to see us at the Institute of Human Virology for our expertise, in particular related to human retroviruses which are not unlike that of pigs. Dr. Gallo is world famous for his discovery of the first human retroviruses.

Using what other researchers have published on the porcine retrovirus, researchers at the Institute of Human Virology have developed an in-house PCR test that will be used to screen the organ recipient for the virus. The test will be used to monitor the exposure of healthcare workers to this retrovirus over the coming months. The test will also be used for research animal studies needed to advance this procedure to possible clinical trials. These infectious disease doctors will also monitor the patient for any signs of another opportunistic infection due to taking immunosuppressants.

As a prerequisite for emergency clearance from the FDA, the team developed a hospital infection prevention plan for the University of Maryland Medical Center. The doctors who designed the program included Dr. Saharia, Anthony Harris, MD, MPH, professor of epidemiology and public health and division chief of health care outcomes research at the University of Maryland School of Medicine; Surbhi Leekha, MBBS, MPH, associate professor of epidemiology and public health at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and medical director of infection control and hospital epidemiology at the University of Maryland Medical Center; and Michelle Harris Williams, director of infection prevention at the University of Maryland Medical Center.

“Given that this xenotransplantation was performed as part of life-saving surgery, it was difficult to develop workflows to minimize risk to our healthcare providers and hospital staff, as well as other patients. “, said Dr. Saharia. “We have no precedent for xenotransplantation in a clinical setting, so we worked closely with our own infection control epidemiologists to develop a plan that was safe for everyone involved.”

The infection prevention plan used disposable equipment where possible and rigorous disinfection protocols. Additionally, healthcare facilities are instructed to use enhanced contact precautions when caring for the patient, which includes wearing gloves, gowns, and proper hand hygiene, as well as face masks and eye protection due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. To further reduce risk, patient specimens are hand-delivered to the laboratory and handled in the same manner as other highly infectious agents.

“We are happy to be part of a team led by Drs. Mohiuddin and Griffith over the past few years. This is certainly a milestone in the history of organ transplantation,” said Shyam Kottilil, MBBS, PhD, Professor of Medicine, Director of the Division of Infectious Diseases in the Department of Medicine and Director of the Division of Clinical Care and Research at the Institute of Human Virology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and Senior Scientific Advisor to the GVN. “We will continue to work hand-in-hand with the team to ensure safety and improve clinical outcomes for this patient and others in the future.”

Anthony Amoroso, MD, The Professor of Medicine, Associate Chief of Infectious Diseases and Head of Clinical Care Programs at the University of Maryland Medical School Institute of Human Virology, said, “It’s very exciting that we can work in collaboration to support a pioneering achievement. of Drs. Griffith and Muhammad bringing xenotransplantation into the clinical arena.

Dr. Gallo added, “I would like to congratulate my colleagues in the Department of Surgery, its manager, Dr. Christine Lau, and the other people who contributed to the success of this transplant. Also, in particular, I congratulate the team of our Institute of Drs. Saharia, Kottilil and Amoroso and their colleagues, for their unwavering commitment to supporting this important program and their continued contribution to this unprecedented infectious disease control and detection program, especially in the face of a challenging immunocompromised clinical environment.

About the Institute of Human Virology

Formed in 1996 as a partnership between the State of Maryland, the City of Baltimore, the University System of Maryland, and the University of Maryland Medical System, IHV is an institute of the College of Medicine in the University of Maryland and is home to some of the most recognized and globally recognized experts in all of virology. IHV combines the disciplines of basic research, epidemiology and clinical research in a concerted effort to accelerate the discovery of diagnostics and therapies for a wide variety of chronic and life-threatening viral and immune disorders, including HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. For more information, visit ihv.org and follow us on Twitter @IHVmaryland.

About University of Maryland Medical School

Now in its third century, the University of Maryland Medical School was incorporated in 1807 as the first public medical school in the United States. It continues today to be one of the world’s fastest growing leading biomedical research enterprises – with 46 academic departments, centers, institutes and programs, and a faculty of more than 3,000 physicians, scientists and allied health professionals, including members. of the National Academy of Medicine and the National Academy of Sciences, and a two-time distinguished recipient of the Albert E. Lasker Award in Medical Research. With an operating budget of over $1.2 billion, the School of Medicine works closely with the University of Maryland Medical Center and Medical System to provide intensive research, academic, and clinical care to nearly 2 million patients each year. The School of Medicine has nearly $600 million in extramural funding, with most of its academic departments ranking highly among all medical schools in the nation for research funding. As one of seven professional schools that make up the University of Maryland, Baltimore campus, the School of Medicine has a total population of nearly 9,000 faculty and staff, including 2,500 students, trainees, residents and fellows. The combined medical school and medical system (“University of Maryland Medicine”) has an annual budget of more than $6 billion and an economic impact of nearly $20 billion on the state and local community. The School of Medicine, which ranks 8th among public medical schools in terms of research productivity (according to the Association of American Medical Colleges profile) is an innovator in translational medicine, with 606 active patents and 52 start-up companies. In the last US News and World Report ranking of best medical schools, released in 2021, UM School of Medicine is ranked #9 among 92 public medical schools in the United States and among the top 15% (#27) of 192 public and private medical schools in the United States. The School of Medicine works locally, nationally and globally, with research and treatment facilities in 36 countries around the world. To visit medschool.umaryland.edu


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Blea asks California Superior Court to release suspension https://vetclinpathjournal.org/blea-asks-california-superior-court-to-release-suspension/ Mon, 28 Feb 2022 23:13:00 +0000 https://vetclinpathjournal.org/blea-asks-california-superior-court-to-release-suspension/

California Horse Racing Board (CHRB) Equine Medical Director Jeff Blea has filed a writ of warrant in the California Superior Court for Los Angeles County seeking to lift the California Veterinary Medical Board’s interim suspension on his veterinary license.

The court filing, dated Feb. 24, also seeks declaratory relief and an injunction, arguing that the position of equine medical director does not require an active license, and that Blea, UC Davis and the CHRB will continue to suffer “irreparable harm.” “if California’s chief horse racing veterinarian remains unable to perform his duties.

UC Davis placed Blea on administrative leave from his role as equine medical director in January. This position is first nominated by the Dean of UC Davis, who then contracts with the CHRB for the services of the appointee.

In the meantime, UC Davis has brought in “academic staff” to serve as the CHRB’s Equine Medical Director.

On Monday, Blea also officially kicked off the ball rolling toward a formal hearing into the veterinary board’s charges against him, by filing a notice of defense.

In the meantime, Blea will also likely seek to suspend the interim suspension of his veterinary license until the Superior Court can formally hear the case, his attorney, George Wallace, said.

Another purpose of the stay would be to potentially delay the formal hearing on the charges against Blea so that the veterinary board would receive advice from the Superior Court “about what the law is,” Wallace said.

Earlier this year, the veterinary board announced that an emergency hearing had resulted in an interim suspension of Blea’s veterinary license for a number of alleged offences, including the alleged administration of drugs to horses from race without prior examination, without establishing a diagnosis and without a medical examination. need.

The veterinary board also claimed Blea posed a ‘danger to public health, safety and welfare’, due to his oversight as equine medical director of the highly publicized spirit death inquest. de Medina trained by Bob Baffert (Protonico), the Kentucky Derby winner who collapsed and died after a scheduled practice on December 6 at Santa Anita.

The autopsy and post-mortem examination of Medina Spirit’s death is now complete, with cause of death undetermined. John Pascoe, the associate executive dean of the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, ultimately oversaw the necropsy examination.

According to various leading veterinary medical experts, the charges brought by the veterinary board against Blea, including the amended charges earlier this month, consist largely of lax record keeping.

Veterinary experts also suggest the Vet Council’s investigation potentially failed to take into account the unusual nature of backyard veterinary practice, where vets – even those with multiple barns in their care – can establish the type of daily relationship with their animals absent from traditional small farms. animal practice.

In his Superior Court filing, Blea argues that the interim suspension of his veterinary license is invalid for several reasons, including how the administrative law judge who issued the suspension used a “preponderance of evidence” to support his decision. decision, instead of the required a higher standard based on “clear and convincing evidence with reasonable certainty”.

The judge’s findings “are not supported by the weight of the evidence, or by substantial evidence, or not at all,” the filing says.

Moreover, even though Blea retired from medical practice in June last year – to take on the role of equine medical director – there is “no substantial evidence” to suggest that even if he was still practicing, he poses a “danger” to anyone, the filing states.

“The prosecution is devoid of any assertion or suggestion that any equine patient of Dr. Blea was harmed in any way, or that any of Dr. Blea’s clients (the owners and trainers of these horses, the “consumers” of veterinary services whose interests must be protected by the Council of Veterinary Doctors) have the slightest complaint about its professional practices in the care of these patients, ”adds the file.

The veterinary council also argued that the statutory definition of the position of equine medical director means that Blea actively engages in veterinary medicine while carrying out his duties.

In his Superior Court filing, Blea disputes that assessment, arguing that the veterinary board’s reading of the state’s Business and Professions Code is “overbroad and unreasonable” and incorrect “in law.”

The CHRB threw their weight behind Blea. Earlier this month, senior CHRB officials said the agency was considering a similar legal intervention in Superior Court on Blea’s behalf.

On Monday, CHRB executive director Scott Chaney said the agency was still finalizing that strategy.

the NDT also asked UC Davis whether Blea would return to his duties as equine medical director if the California Superior Court grants a reprieve from his interim suspension. UC Davis has yet to respond.

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How the Philadelphia pandemic of 1793 foreshadowed the social problems of the COVID-19 era https://vetclinpathjournal.org/how-the-philadelphia-pandemic-of-1793-foreshadowed-the-social-problems-of-the-covid-19-era/ Sat, 26 Feb 2022 15:00:00 +0000 https://vetclinpathjournal.org/how-the-philadelphia-pandemic-of-1793-foreshadowed-the-social-problems-of-the-covid-19-era/

The last two years of the pandemic have laid bare a deep misunderstanding of public health among our compatriots. As evidenced by the widespread and conspiratorial resistance to vaccination – as well as the constant trickle of misinformation about the pandemic, from social media, pundits and podcasters – contemporary Americans might seem to possess little understanding of statistics, biology and of the scientific method.

Yet it turns out that this distinct mark of medical ignorance is nothing new. On the contrary, it’s as American as apple pie. More than 200 years ago, one of the most famous doctors of the revolutionary period made the exact same logical error as Joe Rogan, who falsely attributed his recovery from Covid to a ‘kitchen sink’ cocktail of drugs and snake oil supplements.

The doctor in Rogan’s mold was founding father Benjamin Rush, the “father of American psychiatry”, who despite his medical genius mistakenly believed that yellow fever could be treated with bleeds and purges. Many of Rush’s colleagues urged him to see the error in his ways, but Rush literally practiced what he preached. The experience of treating his own infection, as he described it, was heartbreaking. His student “bled me profusely and gave me a dose of mercurial medicine,” Rush said. Although his fever initially subsided, it later returned and Rush’s pupil “bled me again… The next day the fever left me, but in such a weak state that I woke up two successive nights with an illness that threatened the extinction of my life.”

Yet Rush eventually recovered and, like Rogan, falsely attributed this to his dangerous methods.

Rush’s ordeal occurred during one of the most significant crises of America’s early years as a fledgling republic. A yellow fever epidemic hit Philadelphia in 1793 – at the very start of President George Washington’s second term – and the American public was terrified.

Although no one knew at the time, yellow fever had been brought to American shores from Cap Français to Santo Domingo (now Haiti). Among the French colonial refugees and their slaves who invaded the ports fleeing a slave insurrection, there were individuals who had been bitten by mosquitoes carrying the yellow fever virus. Mosquitoes themselves were also among their ranks, transmitting more of the deadly disease with each new bite.

It was Rush himself who recognized the disease pattern and declared that there was an epidemic. Philadelphia had a population of around 50,000, most of them clustered in houses near the harbor. Between late August and early September of that year, the infection spread rapidly through the community, whose panicked residents tried to flee for their lives.


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It’s no surprise that poor Philadelphians were less fortunate than their wealthier counterparts. While most Common Council members fled for their lives, Mayor Matthew Clarkson stayed and led efforts to establish hospitals, food banks and other facilities to help those infected and others who suffered and had been left behind. The federal government did not have the resources at that time to provide significant assistance; Moreover, even if it was, the prevailing political philosophy in America was that local governments should take responsibility for helping people. Within the narrow limits allowed to him, Clarkson actively used his political power to try to help people.

Yet the question of How? ‘Or’ What to help people was not cut and dried. Scientists at that time did not understand the cause of infectious diseases. Some scientists believed that diseases were the result of miasma or bad odors such as those produced by corpses, biological waste, and other disease-carrying substances. Others believed that diseases were passed from person to person and were brought here by ships. Notably, neither side was entirely incorrect: the disease was linked to something people find disgusting (insects) and had been imported. Much like the response to the COVID-19 pandemic, however, people have interpreted existing scientific knowledge in politically practical ways. Democratic-Republicans, who lamented cities and wanted a rural America, supported the miasma theory because they could then blame the pandemic on the unhealthy physical climate of cities. Federalists, who were xenophobic, blamed the ships because it reinforced their anti-immigrant ethos. The parallel with today’s political parties, and who they blame (rightly or wrongly) for various aspects of the pandemic, is striking.

These divergent views manifested themselves then, as now, in different political approaches. Rush was a Democratic Republican and urged city officials to focus on improving sanitation to make Philadelphia cleaner. The city government rejected Rush’s ideas and instead isolated the infected patients. The quarantine proved unpopular, as every ship that approached the city was subject to mandatory quarantines and sick people were isolated from healthy people. Taking the lead from Philadelphia’s leaders, other cities have also imposed controversial quarantine policies. Other major port cities like New York and Baltimore have imposed their own quarantines for people and goods arriving from Philadelphia. While cities sent food and money to help those infected, many also refused to accept refugees. And there were about 20,000 refugees, as Philadelphians fled en masse to escape the disease.

RELATED: How Washington handled a pandemic – in the 18th century

The pandemic has also brought out ugly bigotry. Just as hate crimes against Asian Americans skyrocketed when President Donald Trump and other political leaders blamed China for COVID-19, many Americans blamed African Americans during the fever pandemic. yellow. Some doctors claimed that blacks were immune to the disease because of their race (they actually died at rates comparable to whites), while others singled out black nurses who exploited sick people for the crisis while ignoring that many white nurses were doing the same thing. .

When the dust finally settled on the pandemic, 10% of Philadelphia’s population had perished from yellow fever, or about 500 people. In the process, he exposed many of the same cracks in American society that have been exposed by the COVID-19 pandemic.

All this to say that Americans may not have changed much. Indeed, the Americans in 1793 designated similar scapegoats for their pandemic; found similar fake remedies; and reveled in medical practices just as bad as their 2020s counterparts. There is perhaps more truth than we care to admit in Marx’s old maxim that history repeats itself – first as tragedy , then as a stuffing.

Learn more about pandemics and history:

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LDH Appoints Melinda ‘Mendy’ Richard as Assistant Secretary of the Office of Aging and Adult Services https://vetclinpathjournal.org/ldh-appoints-melinda-mendy-richard-as-assistant-secretary-of-the-office-of-aging-and-adult-services/ Wed, 16 Feb 2022 00:16:21 +0000 https://vetclinpathjournal.org/ldh-appoints-melinda-mendy-richard-as-assistant-secretary-of-the-office-of-aging-and-adult-services/

The Louisiana Department of Health (LDH) today announced the appointment of Melinda “Mendy” Richard as the Associate Secretary of the Office of the Department of Aging and Adult Services (OAAS). Richard most recently served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Office of Community Preparedness and Health Protection at the Office of Public Health (OPH).

Richard will begin his new role as Assistant Secretary on Monday, February 28. She will take over from Acting Assistant Secretary Elizabeth Adkins, who will serve as the OAAS Deputy Assistant Secretary.

OAAS was created within the Department of Health as a health care reform initiative, bringing together all long-term care programs that serve elderly residents and people with disabilities at the age adult.

Richard joined LDH in 2016 after more than 20 years of public service at Louisiana State University’s Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Department of Public Safety – Louisiana State Police Crime Lab, and Division of Administration. She graduated from Louisiana State University and LSU Health Sciences Center in New Orleans with a Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology. Richard is a Fellow of the American Society for Quality and a Certified Clinical Laboratory Scientist with the American Society for Clinical Pathology. She is also a Lean Six Sigma Master Black Belt.

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Indra Nooyi: the living embodiment of an American dream – News https://vetclinpathjournal.org/indra-nooyi-the-living-embodiment-of-an-american-dream-news/ Sun, 13 Feb 2022 22:23:00 +0000 https://vetclinpathjournal.org/indra-nooyi-the-living-embodiment-of-an-american-dream-news/

The former CEO and Chairman of PepsiCo was one of the stars of the 14th Emirates Airline Festival of Literature



Indra Nooyi. — Photo by Shihab

Published: Sun 13 Feb 2022, 22:22

Last update: Mon 14 Feb 2022, 02:23

Many have chased and lived the “American Dream” – but how far can this lofty ambition take a dreamer? For Indra Nooyi, the sky was the limit.

“Those who pursue the American dream believe that no matter what they accomplish, there is always something better to do,” wrote F. Scott Fitzgerald in his 1925 novel. Gatsby the magnificentwhich captured the era of hedonistic jazz during the era of prohibition in the United States.

Later historian James Truslow Adams also popularized the idea in his 1931 book America’s epicdescribing the American Dream as a pragmatic construct on “a better, wealthier, happier society for all citizens of all ranks” and hostile to a “wealth gap”.

From one of five daughters to study management at a business school to the first woman of color and immigrant to become CEO and president of a Fortune 50 company – 66-year-old Nooyi is a living embodiment of the American Dream.

His journey from Chennai to southern India at the helm of soda giant PepsiCo – on a scholarship from prestigious Yale University – is well documented in his new memoir, My whole life: work, family and our futurewhich was released in September 2021.

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It is the extraordinary story of an exceptional business leader, who led the American multinational for 12 years, which also saw it through the global financial crisis of 2007-08.

The memoir tells how a middle-class Indian woman – who, as a student at Madras Christian College in the early 1970s, played guitar in an all-female rock band and even led an all-female cricket team – ended up running one of the biggest consumer companies in the world. It’s an honest portrait of her storied career and the sacrifices it so often demanded.

“A product of my upbringing”

Nooyi wears his success lightly. “I am the product of my upbringing,” she says. “I had a family where the men believed that the women should be educated as much as the boys. We have to dream big and do what we want. I had a mother, who wanted us to get married at 18 and in same time, she wanted us to dream and fly. It was one foot on the brake and one foot on the accelerator. In a way, that helped. It kept our feet grounded and allowed our minds to soar. We were allowed to dream big,” she recalls.

Nooyi moved to the United States in 1978 after gaining admission to the Yale School of Management, where she earned a master’s degree in public and private management in 1980.

What was it like coming to America after a bachelor’s-Raj The India that was still grappling with its experiences with a fledgling democracy and found itself on the back of Indira Gandhi’s draconian 18-month state of emergency?

Nooyi recalled that her early years at Yale were “terribly lonely and the only community we had was other international students, helping each other with a mailbox or a bank account.”

Looking back, she said, “We went through a period, what I would call early settlers, where we had to figure out how to fit in and settle down.”

The devotee of Ganesha (a Hindu god) overcame these initial challenges with aplomb and remained true to her values ​​and social moorings. “As a vegetarian, I didn’t even know what a pizza was. At that time, as you know, there was no pizza in India. I have never eaten cheese in my life. Everything was new. It was exciting to discover layers of complexities in American society and to learn about them. At the same time, it was a challenge,” she said.

A dream race

She worked for PepsiCo for 24 long years, including 12 at the top.

According to a study by Equilar, a trusted source of corporate leadership data, his tenure in the executive role lasted seven years longer than the average CEO tenure at large corporations.

What was the secret behind such a long and successful run?

“Rather than thinking of a 12-year term, I see it as two six-year terms. Because in the first six years there was a (global) financial crisis. I spent that time transforming and remaking PepsiCo, and the next six years were all about reaping the benefits. So even though it was a big 12-year term, when I think about it, it’s two six-year terms. Maybe that’s why it was possible to run the company for 12 years,” she said.

Far from the spotlight

On October 3, 2018, she stepped down as CEO of PepsiCo and remained chairman of the board until early 2019.

It’s been three years since she’s been in the spotlight. After stepping into the sunset in 2019, what does a day in the life of this powerful woman look like now?

“As CEO, your life is scheduled, almost a year or two in advance. For example, where you would be in a year, 80% of your schedule is fixed and someone is always moving you from place to place. Everything is so regimented and you are expected to do certain things as CEO,” she said.

“And now I’m my own boss. I’m busier than I was with PepsiCo. But I can switch off if I want. I got into a wide variety of interests, unlike my time at PepsiCo where I had to focus on the company and its quarterly results. I have more freedom, and theoretically, more free time. But I fill my free time with more interesting things to do. It’s definitely more exciting,” she added.

‘Less is more’

Nooyi married Raj K Nooyi – who was the acting CEO of Plan International and the retired Vice President and Global Director of the Supply Chain Management Center of Excellence, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) – in 1980. They have two daughters, Preetha and Tara.

For more than 30 years now, she has lived in the same house in Greenwich, Connecticut. “Less is more” seems to be his mantra.

“Yes, we have lived in the same house in Connecticut for over 30 years. I had a wonderful mix of India and USA. There are many things that are Indian, including my prayer room. I’m still a vegetarian and still have my South Indian food at home and a teetotaler. But there are also many aspects of the house that are American, like the way it’s furnished and what it looks like, the kind of sports and TV shows I watch. I am a living example of the American dream, a happy blend of East and West,” she added.

Of the many traditions surrounding Nooyi’s time at PepsiCo, the most popular was when she questioned the board when they gave her a raise in 2008. Nooyi reportedly politely declined a higher paycheck. “The board thought I was crazy,” she said, adding, “I put the company before myself.”

“Performance with a purpose”

Nooyi’s legacy is its unique business model — “performance with purpose”. His initiative has helped connect the dots between what’s good for business and what’s good for the world, such as healthier consumer products and pragmatic policies to conserve the world’s limited natural resources.

At PepsiCo, she thought, “What if we changed the way we make money by emphasizing the sustainability of the business and eliminating the risks that could arise if we were to perform in any which society or any country?”

She illustrated her business philosophy with an example.

“For example, if we open a factory in a water-stressed area and use too much water, it goes against the needs of that society. Thinking about doing good through society gives us a license to operate in that society. It is this business risk protection that allows us to be a responsible citizen in every country and community we are part of around the world,” she said.

The art of giving

Nooyi believes in practicing what she preaches. Charity is an integral part of “performance with purpose”.

She chose not to name a charity, but said candidly, “My husband and I donate to many causes, such as Yale Public Health, Yale Business School, and all institutions of teaching that educate our children.”

Now she gives a lot to “the care economy because that’s who we are”.

“Iconic” PepsiCo

Nooyi paid rich tributes to the “iconic” PepsiCo, arguably the most culturally advanced company in the United States.

“PepsiCo has reinvented itself over the years to keep up with changes, habits and culture,” she said.

“For example, when Generation NeXT took off, PepsiCo became the choice of a new generation. At every turn, PepsiCo rode the wave of culture to reinvent itself,” she added. His successor Ramon Laguarta, then, clearly has his job cut.

Dubai: an “incredible growth story”

Every time Nooyi comes to Dubai she is ‘amazed’ at how much it grows, she said Khaleej times as she recalled her first visit to the emirate over 35 years ago.

“Everywhere you go you see growth, excitement, and it’s one of the few places in the world that welcomes investment and business and invites people to come and settle here. It’s the hub of the Middle East,” said Nooyi, who currently sits on Amazon’s board.

It was the emirate’s ease of doing business that impressed her the most.

Nooyi was in Dubai to attend the 14th Emirates Airline Festival of Literature (February 3-13) and talk about his memoir My whole life: work, family and our future.

During the session, Nooyi revealed what it meant to break the glass ceiling and how governments and businesses can create work environments that promote personal, societal and ecological prosperity.

“Countries with the best talent are the ones that will attract business,” she said. “If Dubai can make its businesses more family-friendly, it will attract top talent in the future.”

Earlier on Saturday, Nooyi, an alumnus of the Indian Institute of Management (IIM) in Calcutta – she belonged to the class of 1976 when she had just five out of 100 female students – took part in a fireside chat in Dubai for a program called ‘Leadership for the Future’, organized by PAN IIM, an alumni network. The PAN IIM event was organized in partnership with Emirates Airline Festival of Literature.

On Sunday, Nooyi spoke with the UAE’s Minister of State for International Cooperation and CEO of Expo 2020 Dubai, at the mega fair, as they discussed the role women can play in global leadership.

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WSU Center for Emerging and Infectious Diseases New Laboratory Receives CLIA Certification https://vetclinpathjournal.org/wsu-center-for-emerging-and-infectious-diseases-new-laboratory-receives-clia-certification/ Mon, 07 Feb 2022 17:16:35 +0000 https://vetclinpathjournal.org/wsu-center-for-emerging-and-infectious-diseases-new-laboratory-receives-clia-certification/

The new Center for Emerging and Infectious Diseases laboratory at Wayne State University School of Medicine has received Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments certification.

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services regulates all laboratory testing (except research) performed on humans in the United States through the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments. The CLIA program ensures the quality of laboratory testing and is required before a laboratory can accept human specimens for diagnostic testing.

The Center for Emerging and Infectious Diseases lab is the first instance of a CLIA certification issued for a lab specifically in WSU’s name and is one of the few CLIA-certified labs in Detroit.

“This is a big step forward for the center,” said Teena Chopra, MD, MPH, co-director of the center and medical director of the lab. “The Center for Emerging and Infectious Diseases laboratory is an essential resource for disease identification, surveillance and research, including research on the SARS-COV2 virus as well as multidrug-resistant infections.”

Hossein Salimnia, Ph.D., professor of pathology and technical director of the laboratory, the CLIA application was very well received. “This was one of the smoothest and fastest approvals I have been associated with. The lab will be used for early identification of outbreaks and infection prevention in the community, detection of new variants, and development of vaccines,” he said.

WSU received $4.3 million from the Michigan Sequencing Academic Partnership for Public Health Innovation and Response, or MI-SAPPHIRE, provided through an Epidemiology and Laboratory Capacity Grant from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from the United States received by the State Department of Health and Human Services.

The lab will strengthen WSU’s collaborative response to emerging and infectious diseases in partnership with the City of Detroit Health Department and the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services.

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University of Toronto researcher raises thorny question about COVID-19 death toll in British Columbia https://vetclinpathjournal.org/university-of-toronto-researcher-raises-thorny-question-about-covid-19-death-toll-in-british-columbia/ Sat, 29 Jan 2022 12:55:46 +0000 https://vetclinpathjournal.org/university-of-toronto-researcher-raises-thorny-question-about-covid-19-death-toll-in-british-columbia/

This weekend, British Columbia is certain to hit another grim milestone.

With 2,597 official deaths from COVID-19 so far, it is inevitable that the province will top 2,600 when the Department of Health releases the latest statistics on Monday (January 31).

On Friday January 28, British Columbia also reported that there were 990 “COVID positive people” in hospital.

During Friday’s briefing from Provincial Health Officer Dr. Bonnie Henry and Health Minister Adrian Dix, a chart was presented showing that British Columbia has far fewer deaths per capita than other large provinces.

“British Columbia has had some success compared to other jurisdictions, but there have been real losses,” Dix said.

The general tone was that COVID-19 has been a grueling battle over the past two years, but the province is doing its best to stem the worst effects of the disease.

This graph shows British Columbia’s death toll from COVID-19 compared to other major provinces.

Another graph shows that British Columbia’s hospitalization rate is lower than other major provinces.

This graph shows British Columbia’s record for hospitalizations due to COVID-19 compared to other major provinces.

This reassured British Columbians that the provincial government responded competently to the pandemic.

But an associate professor at the University of Toronto’s faculty of dentistry has publicly questioned whether British Columbia might be underreporting COVID-19 deaths to a much greater degree than other provinces.

Dr. Tara Moriarty directs the Moriarty Lab, which studies blood-borne bacterial pathogens. She has a cross-appointment in the Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto.

In one long twitter thread looking at provincial death rates, Moriarty suggested that there is a “possible 5-fold underdetection/underreporting” of COVID-19 deaths in British Columbia

It was based on “the daily new deaths predicted for Omicron, based on age-specific death rates, vaccination rates, boosters, vaccine protection against deaths from Omicron, the number of people in each group living in a region, minus the deaths reported so far in each region”.

Moriarty updates this information daily.

According to his analysis, Quebec is the only province in Canada with a total of COVID-19 deaths that matches his estimate of expected deaths.

It is an astonishing assertion.

Unsurprisingly, Moriarty’s analysis is generating quite a bit of discussion on social media, including among some doctors.

Steve Morgan, a professor in the UBC School of Population and Public Health, encouraged his Twitter followers to read Moriarty’s thread and then “ask questions accordingly.”

Here’s the problem with Morgan’s recommendation to ask questions accordingly: The vast majority of the population lacks the means to verify whether hospitals and health authorities are accurately reporting COVID-19 death statistics.

Still, this is an extremely serious problem, given the death toll. That aside from a growing controversy over whether the provincial government is responding appropriately to a airborne virus.

Sonia Furstenau, Green Leader from British Columbia, has already demanded an independent scientific table on COVID-19 and up-to-date data on people’s ages hospitalized with COVID-19.

In light of Moriarty’s finding that British Columbia has the fewest recorded deaths compared to expected COVID-19 deaths, don’t be surprised if Furstenau’s next request will be for an independent review of COVID-19 deaths. 19.

BC Green Leader Sonia Furstenau has called for an independent scientific panel to assess the BC government’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

A vascular disease

Part of the problem with assessing whether someone has died from COVID-19 is the widespread perception that it is a respiratory disease.

In fact, a growing number of scientific experts claim that it is actually a vascular disease with primary symptoms of a respiratory condition.

“Our public health officials insist on calling COVID a respiratory disease when it is clearly only the first phase of this complex syndrome,” said a group called Protect our province BC written on January 17 open letter to Minister of Health Adrian Dix.

“The concerning part of COVID-19 is the vascular injury which can manifest, often some time later, in damage to multiple organs, including the heart, lungs, liver and brain, causing long-term illness that is life-altering for some,” the letter continues. very little understood, Post covid syndrome or Long Covid suffer in silence and are classified in the statistics as ‘cured'”.

In his January 28 briefing – which came on the second anniversary of the first diagnosis of COVID-19, Henry did not mention that the disease is airborne or vascular.

In another briefing this month, Henry said COVID-19 will need to be managed like other respiratory illnesses, such as influenza, respiratory syncytial virus and enteroviruses that cause the common cold.

In one January 28 interview on CBC Radio One The stream along with Matt Galloway, Henry also argued that there is a high level of immunity due to the extent of vaccination against COVID-19.

“It’s like a really bad flu season,” Henry told Galloway.

She reiterated that the Omicron variant causes “predominantly mild disease”. And she predicted that British Columbia will have a “relatively mild spring”.

“We have the tools to deal with what comes next – and we’ve learned that,” Henry said.

She also claimed there was “intentional misinformation” being spread with the aim of “fomenting fear”.

Following

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American Cancer Society calls on lawmakers to tax cigarettes and focus on public health | Politics https://vetclinpathjournal.org/american-cancer-society-calls-on-lawmakers-to-tax-cigarettes-and-focus-on-public-health-politics/ Fri, 14 Jan 2022 22:16:00 +0000 https://vetclinpathjournal.org/american-cancer-society-calls-on-lawmakers-to-tax-cigarettes-and-focus-on-public-health-politics/

INDIANAPOLIS—Indiana currently ranks sixth in the nation for adult smokers, according to the CDC.









Today, organizations like the American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network (ACS CAN) are sharing their concerns about tobacco use in Indiana. ACS CAN’s Raise It For Health campaign is pushing Indiana state legislators to raise the tobacco tax by $2, from the current rate of $0.995 for a 20-cigarette pack.

Bryan Hannon, ACS regional government relations director and member of the Raise It For Health coalition, said public health has not been treated as an important issue by lawmakers.

“I wish they would do something positive for public health,” Hannon said. “Public health has been ignored for too long in Indiana – bigger than COVID-19, bigger than vaccinations.”

Hannon also said that with lawmakers ignoring public health, more problems are created downstream, and if tobacco taxes were increased, the money could be better spent elsewhere.

“It would increase revenue for public health programs,” he said.

ACS CAN’s other concern for lawmakers is to improve access to colorectal screenings.

“We know colorectal cancer is one of the most preventable forms of cancer if Hoosiers have access to screenings,” Hannon said in a press release. “ACS CAN is asking lawmakers to prioritize the elimination of cost sharing for all preventative colorectal cancer screenings, including follow-up colonoscopies after an abnormal stool-based test.

“Several other states have already passed this type of legislation, and it’s time for Indiana to do the same.”

Illinois is 21st on the CDC’s adult smokers list, which may be because the state has a much higher tobacco tax at $2.98 per pack. In the city of Chicago, smokers must pay $8.17 in taxes to buy a 20-pack, with city, state, and federal taxes combined.

Hannon praised Rep. Ann Vermilion, R-Marion, and Rep. Brad Barrett, R-Richmond, for co-authoring 2021 HB 1007, which highlighted Hoosier’s health and safety.

Rep. Robin Shackleford, D-Indianapolis, was another co-sponsor of the bill. She said that every year Indiana gets closer to a possible tobacco tax increase, but in the past lawmakers have faced a lot of backlash from Hoosiers.

“It’s just hard to increase it once people figure out what something costs. You get a lot of pushback from the tobacco industry, from tobacco users,” Shackleford said. “So you get backlash from both sides who don’t want to see this tax increase. We tried several attempts to increase it, but at the same time, it’s just that a lot of people come out in opposition.

Shackleford said that in the future, the tobacco tax could be discussed again.

“I’m sure we’ll see him come back next year because it has to be done in a budget cycle,” Shackleford said. “I thought it was almost going to happen last year, but I think we kind of got distracted by some of the COVID-19s and worked on these funding bills. Hopefully this is something we can pass in the future.

In 2019, Raise It For Health conducted a study asking Hoosiers what they would think of a $2 tobacco tax increase. Seventy percent of voters were in favor and only 29% opposed.

Hannon said his organization understands that new public health legislation will not be enacted overnight due to the shortness of the 2022 session, but he thinks the 2023 session could focus on issues such as tobacco use and obesity, which have also been shown to increase the negative effects of COVID-19.

Ashlyn Myers is a reporter for TheStatehouseFile.com, a news website powered by Franklin College journalism students.

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Felix Cheung – who studies wellness – among 33 new or renewed Canada Research Chairs at the University of Toronto https://vetclinpathjournal.org/felix-cheung-who-studies-wellness-among-33-new-or-renewed-canada-research-chairs-at-the-university-of-toronto/ Wed, 12 Jan 2022 18:43:51 +0000 https://vetclinpathjournal.org/felix-cheung-who-studies-wellness-among-33-new-or-renewed-canada-research-chairs-at-the-university-of-toronto/

Does economic growth contribute to happiness? With its research project on the well-being of the population, the University of Toronto Felix Cheung hope to find out.

An assistant professor in the Department of Psychology at the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Cheung calls the question of economic happiness one of the oldest debates in his field.

He cites, as an example, previous research he did on Hong Kong that found relatively low levels of life satisfaction despite high GDP per capita and long life expectancy – two common measures of well-being. be used by governments. And he notes that the same may be increasingly true in Canada after nearly two years of battling COVID-19.

“At a minimum, our well-being is not improving,” he says. “This is enough to consider: is our policy aligned with what Canadians want in life? “

Cheung also wishes to explore how governments can “can actually spend our economic growth to buy happiness,” noting that it is not so much economic prosperity as how it is distributed that may be most important.

“One of the agreements behind the rallying cry for police funding, I think, calls on us as a community to rethink how we spend government spending to promote the collective well-being of all.”

Cheung is one of 33 faculty members at the University of Toronto to receive a new or renewed Canada Research Chair in the last round of nominations announced on Wednesday (see full list below). The program supports exceptional work in a wide variety of fields. At the University of Toronto, that includes everything from marine epidemiology and precision medicine to research into sustainable bioproducts.

At the same time, the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) – in collaboration with the CRC program – announced its support for Cheung and another researcher at the University of Toronto through his program. John R. Evans Leaders Fund (JELF), which helps universities pay for labs and equipment. The second researcher, Ji young Youn, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Molecular Genetics at Temerty Medical School and a Scientist at the Hospital for Sick Children.

Professor Shaf Keshavjee from the University Health Network and the Faculty of Medicine of Temerty, also received $ 24 million in support through the New Frontiers in Research Fund for its project, The Next Frontier in Transplantation: Ex vivo Strategies to Repair and Reconstruct organs.

“I would like to congratulate all the researchers at the University of Toronto who have been selected for a new chair or whose chair has been renewed, as well as those who have received funding from the John R. Evans Leaders Fund and the New Frontiers in Research Fund. said Lea Cowen, vice-president, research and innovation, and strategic initiatives.

“The federal government’s continued support for important work through Canada Research Chairs and other programs plays a key role in enabling our researchers to advance knowledge and foster innovation in a wide variety of ways. of domains.

The CRC program, established in 2000, invests up to $ 295 million per year to recruit and retain the best minds in Canada. It supports research in engineering, natural sciences, health sciences, humanities and social sciences.

In Cheung’s case, he plans to use level two funding from the Canada Research Chair to study the determinants, consequences and political relevance of population well-being using a multidisciplinary approach. He plans to explore three lines of research: What contributes to the well-being of the population and what can be done to create a more satisfying life for a given population? What are the desirable consequences of a happier society? And, finally, does the public support the idea of ​​using well-being as a major political indicator?

He says his work was inspired by observations he made while living in Hong Kong, where he noted that a high GDP per capita and a long life expectancy didn’t seem to make people happy.

“I could see that people were going through their lives without necessarily having a purpose,” he says. “This observation was later confirmed by my own data analysis.”

In fact, he discovered that the inhabitants of the region lived the least satisfying life in the developed world. “Hong Kong is a warning to the rest of the world,” he said. “A long and prosperous life is not necessarily a good life.”

Cheung joined the U of T in July 2020 and continued to research the topic. “There are so many world-class experts from different disciplines here,” he says. “I take advantage of it a lot because [the concept of] well-being is so multifaceted.

His proposal for the Canada Research Chairs Program extends not only to Ontario, but across the country. He adds that the program’s support will allow it to take the first step towards its long-term goal: to reinvent the way we measure societal progress.

“We need buy-in from different sectors – the public, government, business and non-governmental organizations,” he said. “This award is this initial membership that gives me hope that it is doable.”

He hopes his research can be used to measure well-being and its distribution across age groups, gender, sexual orientation, as well as racial and ethnic groups.

“Only if we measure it can we make other decisions about how we want to allocate resources,” says Cheung, adding that such research can help identify populations for which current policies do not. do not increase happiness.

“Nothing prevents the well-being of the population from becoming a major political indicator over the next century, as it reflects equality in our community which is currently not taken into account by existing political indicators. ”


Here are the new and renewed Canada Research Chairs at the University of Toronto:

New Canada Research Chairs

  • Benjamin blencowe from the Donnelly Center for Cellular and Biomedical Research at Temerty School of Medicine, level one in RNA Biology and Genomics
  • David Burnes of the Faculty of Social Work Factor-Inwentash, level two in prevention of elder abuse
  • Felix Cheung of the Department of Psychology of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, level two in well-being of the population
  • Lihi Eder from the Department of Medicine at Temerty School of Medicine and Women’s College Hospital, level two in inflammatory rheumatic disease
  • Anna heath of the Dalla Lana School of Public Health and the Hospital for Sick Children, level two in the design of statistical trials
  • Omar F. Khan from the Institute of Biomedical Engineering of the Faculty of Applied Sciences and Engineering, level two in nucleic acid therapy
  • Thomas kislinger from the Department of Medical Biophysics of the Faculty of Medicine of Temerty and the University Health Network, level one in precision cancer medicine
  • Heather maclean of the Department of Civil and Mineral Engineering of the Faculty of Applied Sciences and Engineering, level one in evaluation of sustainable systems and technologies
  • Sonya macparland from the Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology of the Faculty of Medicine of Temerty and the University Health Network, level two in hepatic immunobiology
  • Kristin musselman from the physiotherapy department of the Faculty of Medicine of Temerty, level two in multi-morbidity and complex rehabilitation
  • Daniel I. Posen from the Department of Civil and Mineral Engineering of the Faculty of Applied Sciences and Engineering, level two in system-wide environmental impacts of energy and transportation technologies
  • Milica Radish from the Institute of Biomedical Engineering of the Faculty of Applied Sciences and Engineering, level one in organ-on-chip engineering
  • Chao wang from the Department of Immunology, Temerty School of Medicine and Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center, level two in Immunometabolism in Neuroinflammation
  • Tania Watts from the Department of Immunology of the Faculty of Medicine of Temerty, level 1 in anti-viral immunity
  • Ning yan of the Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry of the Faculty of Applied Sciences and Engineering, level one in sustainable bioproducts
  • Ji-young youn from the Department of Molecular Genetics at Temerty School of Medicine and the Hospital for Sick Children, Level Two in Proteomics of Membrane-less Organelles

Renewed Canada Research Chairs

  • Ana Andreazza from the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology of the Faculty of Medicine of Temerty, Level Two in Molecular Pharmacology and Mood Disorders
  • Daniel Bender from the Department of Historical and Cultural Studies, U of T Scarborough, Level One in Food and Culture
  • Robert bonin from the Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy, level two in sensory plasticity
  • Brian connelly from the Department of Management at U of T Scarborough, Level Two in Integrative Personality Perspectives
  • Shelley craig of the Faculty of Social Work Factor-Inwentash, level two in sexual and minority youth
  • Daniel De Carvalho from the Department of Medical Biophysics of the Faculty of Medicine of Temerty and the University Health Network, level two in cancer epigenetics and epigenetic therapy
  • Elizabeth edwards of the Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry of the Faculty of Applied Sciences and Engineering, level one in anaerobic biotechnology
  • Barbara Fall on of the Faculty of Social Work Factor-Inwentash, level two in child protection
  • Penny gilbert of the Institute of Biomedical Engineering of the Faculty of Applied Sciences and Engineering, level two in endogenous repair
  • Martin krkosek from the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, level two in marine epidemiology
  • Warren lee from the Department of Medicine at the Temerty Faculty of Medicine and Unity Health Toronto, level two in endothelial permeability mechanisms
  • Jeffrey Meyer from the Department of Psychiatry of the Faculty of Medicine of Temerty and the Center for Addiction and Mental Health, level one in neurochemistry of major depressive disorder
  • Jean Rubinstein from the Department of Biochemistry of Temerty Faculty of Medicine and Hospital for Sick Children, Level One in Electron Cryomicroscopy
  • Mikko Taipale from the Donnelly Center for Cellular and Biomedical Research at Temerty School of Medicine, level two in Functional Proteomics and Proteostasis
  • Bebhinn treanor from the Department of Biological Sciences, U of T Scarborough, Level Two in Spatial Resolution Biochemistry
  • Andrea Tricco from the Dalla Lana School of Public Health and Unity Health Toronto, level two in knowledge synthesis
  • Amar Vutha from the physics department of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, level two in precision atomic and molecular physics

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