International Day of Pathology is celebrated this week

INTERNATIONAL Pathology Day takes place every year, the second week of November.

Pathologists don’t just perform autopsies – these medical providers also perform laboratory tests that help them diagnose and detect disease through the study of human tissues and bodily fluids.

Most pathologists train in clinical and anatomical pathology, but may specialize in clinical pathology, which is the study of blood and body fluids, or anatomic pathology, which includes tissues, organs and tumors, cytopathology, which involves cellular changes, forensic medecine, being the performance of autopsies, and molecular pathology, that is, the study of genes and genetics.

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The history of the International Day of Pathology

The Royal College of Pathologists launched International Day of Pathology eight years ago, in 2014. The Royal College is a UK organization with a large national and international membership. It hosts an annual conference on this day with the aim of educating and expressing ideas and knowledge.

The Royal College has chosen the theme “Pathology: Past, Present and Future” for 2022 and moved its official celebration of the day to June, to coincide with its Diamond Jubilee. A conference was held at the beginning of November on the theme “Adapting laboratory medicine to global developments and challenges”.

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The SA pathology department we all know

A provider of clinical pathology services that all South Africans are familiar with is SANBS or the South African National Blood Service.

This NPO supplies blood and blood products across the country. Blood Donor Clinics are located nationwide and perform the essential service of collecting whole blood, plasma and platelet donations and distributing them to those who need them most.

Whole blood donations are used for trauma patients and truly give them the gift of life. As only 1% of the country’s inhabitants donate blood, every drop is a precious resource. A whole blood donation can save up to three lives.

Plasma is the liquid part of blood, in which red and white blood cells and platelets are suspended, constituting about 55% of the volume. Factors found in plasma are made into drugs used to treat rare chronic diseases and disorders and cases of burns, trauma and shock.

Platelets are fragments of cells in the blood, which accumulate at an injury site to prevent bleeding. Platelets are used in the treatment of certain cancers, marrow and organ transplants, surgery, trauma and aplastic anemia.

Anyone can donate blood if they weigh more than 50 kg, between the ages of 16 and 65, in good health, lead a low-risk life and have eaten within the previous four hours.

Westwood Mall Donor Collection Clinic is open seven days a week: Monday to Friday from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Saturday from 8:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. and Sunday from 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.

Information: 031 719 6841.

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About Hector Hedgepeth

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