Vet Clin Path Journal http://vetclinpathjournal.org/ Wed, 10 Aug 2022 02:50:09 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://vetclinpathjournal.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/cropped-icon-32x32.png Vet Clin Path Journal http://vetclinpathjournal.org/ 32 32 Banana peels make sugar cookies better for you https://vetclinpathjournal.org/banana-peels-make-sugar-cookies-better-for-you/ Wed, 10 Aug 2022 02:05:19 +0000 https://vetclinpathjournal.org/banana-peels-make-sugar-cookies-better-for-you/

Banana peels are no longer always destined for the trash or compost. They make their way onto people’s plates, replacing the pork in the “pulled-skin” sandwiches and frying in the “bacon.” And now researchers reporting in ACS Food Science and Technology show that incorporating banana peel flour into sugar cookie dough makes treats healthier. In taste tests, cookies enriched with banana peel flour were more satisfying than those baked with wheat flour alone.

Interest in plant-based diets and reducing food waste is growing, and people want creative ways to use every part of their vegetables and fruits. Banana peels are one of those scraps that chefs and home cooks have experimented with, but these peels are extremely fibrous, making them unpalatable to eat raw. Recently, scientists discovered that they could grind the peels into a flour rich in fiber, magnesium, potassium and antioxidant compounds. And when small amounts of wheat flour in breads and cakes were replaced with the new flour, the baked goods were more nutritious and had acceptable flavors. However, similar experiences have not been widely performed with cookies. Thus, Faizan Ahmad and his colleagues wanted to replace some of the wheat flour in sugar cookies with banana peel flour, evaluating the nutritional quality, storage stability and consumer acceptance of the cookies. .

To make banana peel flour, researchers peeled ripe, undamaged bananas, then blanched, dried and ground them into a fine powder. They mixed different amounts of powder with butter, skimmed milk powder, powdered sugar, vegetable oil and wheat flour, creating five batches of sugar cookies and baked them.

Increasing the amount of banana peel flour from 0-15% in batches produces browner and tougher products, which could be a result of the increased fiber content of the peels. Additionally, banana peel flour cookies were healthier, containing less fat and protein, higher amounts of phenols, and better antioxidant activities than conventional cookies. A trained panel determined that the cookies with the smallest banana peel flour substitution (7.5%) had the best texture and the highest overall acceptability compared to the other batches. This batch also kept well for three months at room temperature – it tasted the same as the wheat versions only after the long storage period. Since cookies can be fortified with banana peel flour without affecting consumer acceptance, the researchers say this addition could make these baked goods more nutritious.

The authors acknowledge funding from the Department of Post-harvest Engineering and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Aligarh Muslim University.

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A critic of the Congressional inquiry into gain-of-function research helped fund a gain-of-function study in Wuhan https://vetclinpathjournal.org/a-critic-of-the-congressional-inquiry-into-gain-of-function-research-helped-fund-a-gain-of-function-study-in-wuhan/ Tue, 09 Aug 2022 18:21:51 +0000 https://vetclinpathjournal.org/a-critic-of-the-congressional-inquiry-into-gain-of-function-research-helped-fund-a-gain-of-function-study-in-wuhan/

Baylor College of Medicine National School of Tropical Medicine President Peter Hotez has funded research into a chimeric virus that has come under scrutiny by Congress. (Photo credit: United States Mission in Geneva)

A prominent scientist who exposed a congressional probe into gain-of-function research helped fund gain-of-function work from the Wuhan Institute of Virology reported by congressional investigators.

Peter Hotez, dean of the Baylor College of Medicine National School of Tropical Medicine, has been a fierce critic of potential hearings next year on a possible laboratory origin of COVID-19 and whether the National Institutes of Health prematurely discredited the hypothesis.

Hotez decried the hearings as nothing less than a “plan to undermine the fabric of science in America” ​​in a viral tweet thread Last week. Hotez also called the possibility that a lab accident triggered the COVID-19 pandemic a “wild conspiracy.”

However, Hotez’s own NIH grant from 2012 to 2017 for the development of a SARS vaccine had the stated purpose of responding to any “accidental release from a laboratory”, in addition to possible zoonotic spread of the virus.

The $6.1 million NIH grant also raises the possibility of a “deliberate spread of the virus through a bioterrorist attack.”

“Outbreaks of SARS remain a serious concern primarily due to possible zoonotic reintroduction of SARS-CoV into humans, accidental release from a laboratory, or deliberate spread of the virus by bioterrorist attack,” the description reads. of the grant.

It is unclear why Hotez dismissed a possible laboratory release of SARS-CoV-2 as absurd, after conducting research for years to prepare for a possible accidental or deliberate release of SARS-CoV.

Hotez did not respond to emailed questions.

Hotez helped fund research into controversial chimeric coronavirus

While casting concerns about the Wuhan labs as “fringe,” Hotez did not mention his own connection to a project involving a lab-generated chimeric SARS-related coronavirus that has been examined under the microscope of Congress.

The project was led by Zhengli Shi, a senior scientist and “virus hunter” at the Wuhan Institute of Virology nicknamed the “Bat Lady”.

As part of his NIH grant, Hotez has subcontracted funds for research into combined or “chimeric” coronaviruses, a scientific article shows. Chez Hotez to agree signed up two of Shi’s collaborators on the project.

In the paper 2017 co-funded by Hotez, Shi and his colleagues generated a recombinant virus from two SARS-related coronaviruses: “rWIV1-SHC014S”.

It is unclear whether the Hotez co-funded paper should have been stopped under a temporary “pause” on gain-of-function work before 2017. However, some independent biosafety experts have stated that research on this chimeric virus at some respects illustrates gaps in NIH surveillance of risky research in the years leading up to the COVID-19 pandemic.

A preliminary study of one of the coronaviruses that made up the chimera, WIV1, found it “ready for human emergence.” Another one earlier paper on the other coronavirus, SHC014, said his future study of lab-generated viruses might be “too risky to pursue.”

“The work here should have been at least scrutinized,” said David Relman, a Stanford microbiologist and biosafety expert. “This work should have been strongly revised to [gain-of-function]and probably should have been put on hiatus before December 2017.”

Shi’s participation in the joint project was funded in part by EcoHealth Alliance, according to the article. This NIH grant to EcoHealth — “Understanding the risk of emergence of the bat coronavirus”has been subject to scrutiny for his research on the new coronaviruses manipulated in the laboratories of Wuhan.

Specifically, an ecohealth alliance grant report obtained by congressional investigators demonstrated that a WIV1-SHC014 chimera generated thousands of times the viral load and increased lethality in mice with human airway cells. This has raised concerns among some biosecurity experts, scientists and members of congress.

In response to questions from Congressional Republicans, NIH recognized that the research did not comply with its own regulations on gain-of-function research.

“In this limited experiment, laboratory mice infected with bat coronavirus SHC014 WIV1 became sicker than those infected with bat coronavirus WIV1,” the letter read. “As sometimes happens in science, this was an unexpected result rather than something the scientists intended to do.”

An investigation could shed light on whether the risks of such experiments outweigh the benefits, but Hotez was unclear about this apparent conflict of interest.

“The construction and threat characterization of rWIV1-SHC014 was – unequivocally – gain-of-function research,” said Richard Ebright, Rutgers Board of Governors Professor of Chemistry at Rutgers University. “This is a conflict of interest which, to my knowledge, has not been previously disclosed to The Lancet Commission…and which will surely be of interest to The Lancet Commission.”

The Lancet Commission

Hotez serves on Lancet COVID-19 Commissiona panel of experts working to scrutinize the origin of the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

Commission Chairman Jeffrey Sachs, an economist at Columbia University, has in recent weeks call for a impartial investigation of the laboratory escape hypothesis.

Meanwhile, Hotez suggested that the commission’s final reports should not incorporate Sachs’ concerns.

“Whenever I discussed the possibility of SARS-CoV-2 being a lab release, Hotez firmly rejected that possibility, but never explained to me or the Lancet Commission that he actually had a release. subsidy based on this type of risk. He definitely should have been clear on that,” Sachs said.

Sachs said the newspaper 2017 raised questions about whether a potential conflict of interest should have been disclosed to the commission.

“I have repeatedly asked all commissioners to be transparent about potential conflicts of interest,” Sachs added.

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Okanagan Vet Shortage Creates Appointment Backlog – Okanagan https://vetclinpathjournal.org/okanagan-vet-shortage-creates-appointment-backlog-okanagan/ Tue, 09 Aug 2022 01:24:14 +0000 https://vetclinpathjournal.org/okanagan-vet-shortage-creates-appointment-backlog-okanagan/

A current shortage of veterinarians in the Okanagan is forcing veterinary clinics to change the way they offer their services. With too few veterinarians to go around, pet patients in many cases have to wait months for an appointment.

For five years, this region has faced a shortage of veterinarians. The long hours, demand and small number of veterinary students have all played a role in the current shortage. The pandemic has also had an impact on the functioning of veterinary clinics and hospitals.

“The pandemic definitely made it worse because everyone got their pandemic puppy or kitten, which added to the workload,” said Dr. Marco Veenis of the Okanagan Veterinary Hospital.

“In addition, the pandemic measures have also taken a toll on veterinarians. Regularly you will lose staff because they have to self isolate because they are stuck with covid.

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Read more:

More and more “pandemic pets” are ending up in shelters. Is there a fix? Experts weigh

Carrington Animal Hospital in West Kelowna recently lost its full-time veterinarian, leaving only one part-time. They had to modify their daily services and were forced to send pets elsewhere.

“We would all like to help them, but we just can’t. We have no resources on days when we don’t have a vet. And when we have the vet, he’s so full and busy and we definitely try to leave those spaces open for sick animals, but they fill up too quickly, so yeah, it’s difficult,” said Holly Oaks, head of the practice of the Carrington Animal. Hospital.

Oaks says angry calls from pet owners are becoming more frequent. They tell customers they’re doing their best to accommodate, but they don’t want that to become an excuse.

“It sounds like that when you say that all the time. Ultimately, if we had the choice to have another vet here right now, we would,” Oaks said.

Read more:

Extreme heat and pets: how to keep your four-legged friends cool

Fewer vets means fewer appointments. Clinics don’t have many appointments available and some places are already booking clients in October.

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“A lot of clinics now have waiting lists for regular appointments, non-urgent appointments can sometimes take a few weeks before people can get in,” Veenis said.

“I know of clinics that have actually stopped accepting new clients and that of course causes a lot of problems for people who are desperate for help with their pets.”

Veenis says BC veterinarians are working with the provincial government to create more educational opportunities. If they can increase the number of places available for students, more vets will enter the workforce in the next few years.

© 2022 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

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Clinical evaluation of T2 papillary thyroid carcinoma: a retrospective study conducted at a single tertiary institution https://vetclinpathjournal.org/clinical-evaluation-of-t2-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-retrospective-study-conducted-at-a-single-tertiary-institution/ Mon, 08 Aug 2022 18:49:30 +0000 https://vetclinpathjournal.org/clinical-evaluation-of-t2-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-retrospective-study-conducted-at-a-single-tertiary-institution/ 4 cm or ETE (sterno-hyoid, sterno-thyroid, thyro-hyoid and omo-hyoid …]]>

The American Joint Committee on Cancer/Union for International Cancer Control TNM staging system for thyroid cancer defines category T as follows: T0, no evidence of primary tumor; T1, size ≤ 2 cm and intrathyroid; T2, 2cm < taille ≤ 4 cm et intrathyroïdien ; T3, taille > 4 cm or ETE (sterno-hyoid, sterno-thyroid, thyro-hyoid and omo-hyoid muscle); Q4, others – ETE gross. T2 accounts for only 3% to 13% of all PTC cases in Korea14,15,16. The incidence of T1 PTC has increased due to improved diagnostic modalities and early detection in Korea17. As raw ETE is often seen in thyroid cancer patients, T3 or T4 CTP accounts for a significant proportion18. Meanwhile, T2 PTC accounts for a relatively small portion of all PTC cases.

According to ATA management guidelines, lobectomy alone may be sufficient when used as initial treatment for patients with PTC measuring 1-4 cm but without ETE and without clinical evidence of LN metastasesten. However, the extent of surgery for PTCs measuring 1–4 cm is still controversial. After the release of the 2015 ATA management guidelines, several studies have investigated the extent of surgery in PTCs measuring 1–4 cm19,20,21. Rajjoub et al. showed that lobectomy is not sufficient for T2 PTC. The results showed that 33,816 adults with conventional CTP measuring 1.0 to 3.9 cm had better survival after TT than after lobectomy. This finding was observed especially in patients with a tumor size of 2.0 to 3.9 cm19. Suman et al. found that lobectomy had a significantly negative effect on long-term survival. Excluding high-risk features is important when adopting lobectomy as the definitive surgical treatment for T1b and T2 PTC because of its potential adverse effects on long-term survival.22. In contrast, previous research has found that lobectomy may be appropriate for patients with low-risk differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). Careful risk assessment and stratification can individualize treatment, prevent overtreatment, and ensure a good long-term prognosis with a low risk of recurrence23. Philippo et al. revealed no significant difference in terms of the risk of locoregional recurrence or distant metastasis between the TT and lobectomy groups with pT1-T2 and pN0 PTC. Moreover, compared to lobectomy, TT was correlated with more complications, including postoperative hypoparathyroidism and recurrent laryngeal nerve damage.20. Consistent with Filippo’s study, there was no statistically significant difference in recurrence rate between the TT and lobectomy groups in our study (p = 0.868). Kaplan-Meier analysis of SSM showed no significant difference between the two groups (log-rank test, p=0.877).

If recurrence frequently occurs in the residual thyroid gland, TT, rather than lobectomy, may be recommended. We analyzed recidivism patterns in the study population. In the present study, five (4.6%) patients in the TT group and 6 (4.2%) in the lobectomy group were diagnosed with recurrence. All but one patient in the lobectomy group had a recurrence in the ipsilateral lateral compartment. On the contrary, the recurrence pattern of the TT group varied. Thus, the recurrence occurred mainly in the lateral compartment rather than in the residual thyroid gland after lobectomy.

TT is advantageous because it can improve the accuracy of monitoring by using serum thyroglobulin as a sensitive postoperative marker of residual or recurrent thyroid cancer24. In addition, it allows the use of RAI, which can be used both in postoperative treatment and monitoring25. RAI increases survival rates for patients with intermittent and high risk DTP. However, ATA management guidelines do not recommend RAI ablation in patients with low-risk T2 PTCten. Schvartz et al. showed that RAI after surgery has no survival benefit in a large cohort of patients with low-risk DTP26.

The extent of surgery should not be based solely on the risk of recurrence. TT can lead to various postoperative complications. However, such complications are rare. First, TT is associated with a higher risk of hypoparathyroidism. After thyroidectomy, 19% to 38% and 0% to 3% of patients had transient and permanent hypoparathyroidism, respectively.27. Permanent hypoparathyroidism is associated with multiple complications, including impaired kidney function, gastrointestinal and neuropsychiatric problems, and infections28. Second, TT is also associated with an increased risk of recurrent laryngeal nerve injury. About 0.5% to 5% and 1% to 30% of patients who undergo TT have permanent recurrent laryngeal nerve injury and temporary injury, respectively.29. Third, patients with PTC are relatively young, most in their 40s or 50s at the time of diagnosis.30. Considering that PTC has a good prognosis, patients should be treated with levothyroxine for about 30-50 years after TT. Long-term use of this drug leads to complications including osteoporosis and arrhythmias31.32. Further studies on TT complications, which were not included in the current study, should be performed.

Because the purpose of this study is to observe the general characteristics of patients with T2 CTP, data on patient complications were not initially included. Among the patients included in this study, transient paralysis of the vocal cords was observed in three patients (2.1%) in the lobectomy group and four patients (3.7%) in the TT group. There was no statistically significant difference in terms of transient vocal cord paralysis between the two groups. Permanent vocal cord paralysis was not observed in any patient in the lobectomy group, while it was observed in one patient (0.9%) in the TT group. Transient hypoparathyroidism was not found in the lobectomy group, whereas it occurred in 25 patients (23.1%) in the TT group. These results are consistent with those reported in a recent meta-analysis33.

The LNR is calculated by dividing the number of positive LNs by the number of harvested LNs, and it is used to predict recurrence in other types of cancers34.35. Recently, LNR has been shown to be an important predictor of DFS in PTC36. Schneider et al. assessed 10,955 cases, and results showed NRL to be a strong prognostic factor37. Vas Nunes et al. conducted a retrospective analysis of 198 patients with PTC who underwent TT. The results showed that the LNR was an important independent prognostic factor in PTC and could be used in combination with existing staging systems.38. Our study found similar results. An analysis of the ROC curve was performed to obtain an optimal threshold value of 0.32. Multivariate analysis revealed that an LNR > 0.32 was a significant risk factor for recurrence. In the Kaplan-Meier analysis, the DFS between the high and low LNR groups did not differ significantly (log-rank test, p<0.001). However, the optimal LNR threshold for the risk of recurrence in PTC is still controversial. Schneider et al. showed that a cut-off value of 0.42 can be used for risk stratification in patients with positive LNs37. Vas Nunes et al. proposed that an LNR cut-off value of 0.3 may be a prognostic factor38. In this study, the optimal LNR cut-off value was 0.32. Thus, further prospective or multicenter studies should be conducted to determine the optimal LNR cutoff value. The high LNR group was younger and had a greater number of male patients than the low LNR group. This result was consistent with that of several studies. Wang et al. showed that younger patients with a high LNR are at higher risk of PTC39. Kim et al. conducted a large cohort study. The results showed that male patients had a higher number of positive LNs40. Nevertheless, further studies should be conducted to determine the relevance of age and sex for NRL. This study identified the recurrence patterns of patients with T2 PTC. Most recurrences did not occur in the remaining thyroid gland after lobectomy. Even if postoperative pathology findings showed that patients had elevated LNR, we do not routinely recommend thyroidectomy after lobectomy. Short-term follow-up may be useful for patients with T2 PTC who have an elevated LNR after lobectomy.

This study had several limitations due to its retrospective nature. First, the strength of the result has been undermined. Second, the participants came from a single higher education institution. Therefore, this may have caused selection bias and these participants may not reflect the entire patient population. Finally, the follow-up period was relatively short (100.7 ± 18.3 months). Therefore, longer follow-up is needed to predict long-term surgical outcomes of patients with T2 PTC, as it has indolent features. Nevertheless, these limitations could be resolved by conducting a multicenter study in the future.

However, the study also had some advantages. In other words, each patient was followed and standardized laboratory and imaging protocols from a single institution were used. To our knowledge, only a few studies have individually analyzed T2 PTC. Although other studies have previously addressed PTC recurrence, this research differs as it identified patterns of recurrence in the TT and lobectomy groups. This then helps to determine the extent of the surgery.

In conclusion, lobectomy is not associated with a higher risk of recurrence and is feasible in patients with T2 PTC. Additionally, it may be considered in patients without ETE, suspected LN metastases, and intrathyroid lesion. LNR may be an independent risk factor for recurrence in T2 PTC. Thus, short-term follow-up may be recommended for patients with PTC T2 who have a high LNR.

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Emirates News Agency – 4,770 engineers have graduated from Abu Dhabi University to date https://vetclinpathjournal.org/emirates-news-agency-4770-engineers-have-graduated-from-abu-dhabi-university-to-date/ Mon, 08 Aug 2022 10:34:00 +0000 https://vetclinpathjournal.org/emirates-news-agency-4770-engineers-have-graduated-from-abu-dhabi-university-to-date/

ABU DHABI, 8th August, 2022 (WAM) — In 2022, 4,940 degrees were awarded and 4,770 engineers graduated from the College of Engineering (CoE) of Abu Dhabi University (ADU), one of the top engineering schools in the United Arab Emirates.

Of these graduates, 32% were female and 36% were Emirati, reiterating the diversity of ADU’s student body and its commitment to working in line with the UAE Government’s national agenda to empower and empower nationals and women. in the labor market.

Graduates range from the construction sector (33%) to the industrial sector (25%), the electrical and IT sector (21%) and the engineering and project management sector (20%), reflecting the dedication of ADU to ensure students have access to a comprehensive academic experience that allows them to grow in various specializations, achieve success, and prepare for their future careers. Ninety-four percent of CoE graduates said they were satisfied with their educational experience at ADU, and 86% indicated that they were currently working or studying in a field relevant to their studies.

Dr. Hamdi Sheibani, Dean of the Faculty of Engineering, said: “As one of the leading academic institutions in the region, Abu Dhabi University is known for its competitive and accredited programs, in addition to the high employment rate among its graduates.

Sheibani added, “Abu Dhabi University provides its diverse faculty and students with world-class resources, facilities and educational opportunities that foster innovation and drive cutting-edge research that has proven and had an impact on the community and beyond. driven by tomorrow’s market needs, ADU provides graduates with the tools and resources they need to become the influential leaders of the future.”

According to the 2022 Global Employability Ranking and Survey (GEURS), ADU ranked first for employability in the UAE and third in the Arab world. Some notable employers of university graduates are ADNOC, Etihad Airways, ADDC, Schlumberger, GAL, Transco, Borouge and AD Ports Group.

The College of Engineering (CoE) at Abu Dhabi University (ADU) is the largest engineering school in the United Arab Emirates. The college offers a range of engineering and technology programs at undergraduate and postgraduate levels, with new and innovative programs being introduced continuously.

In recent news, ADU’s CoE has launched four new concentrations for Fall 2022 as part of its ongoing investment in preparing its students for their future careers. New concentrations include Big Data Analytics and Web and Mobile Application Development as part of the BSc in Software Engineering and Cyber ​​Security and Game Development as part of the BSc in Computer Science. Accredited by the Commission for Academic Accreditation (CAA) in the United Arab Emirates, the new concentrations aim to equip students with the skills required to best prepare them for the most in-demand jobs of the 21st century and the fastest growing professional fields.

CoE programs offered at ADU are developed to the best standards of international professional bodies such as the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, American Societies of Civil Engineers, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), American Institute of Chemical Engineers, the Biomedical Engineering Society, and the Association for Computing Machinery.

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Introducing the Lipidomics Minimum Reporting Checklist https://vetclinpathjournal.org/introducing-the-lipidomics-minimum-reporting-checklist/ Sun, 07 Aug 2022 23:32:13 +0000 https://vetclinpathjournal.org/introducing-the-lipidomics-minimum-reporting-checklist/
  • JGM, CSE, DK and MK contributed equally, wrote the manuscript and developed the online checklist. DK programmed online checklist system. JA, Makoto A., Masanori A., ESB, J.BM., JAB, BB, SRE, MF, WJG, XH, JH, NH, JPK, HCK, TWM, VBO, D. Saigusa, D. Schwudke, AS , CZU, MRW, MW, DW and YX discussed and contributed to the manuscript. RA, GL and KE jointly coordinated this work, wrote the manuscript and developed the online checklist. All authors annotated the data and approved the final manuscript.

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    Mass vaccination of cattle needed to control lumpy skin disease in India: Indian-American vet https://vetclinpathjournal.org/mass-vaccination-of-cattle-needed-to-control-lumpy-skin-disease-in-india-indian-american-vet/ Sun, 07 Aug 2022 04:50:16 +0000 https://vetclinpathjournal.org/mass-vaccination-of-cattle-needed-to-control-lumpy-skin-disease-in-india-indian-american-vet/ An Indian-American veterinarian claimed mass vaccination of livestock and the immediate restriction of their inter-district movement to prevent the spread of lumpy skin disease in India.

    More than 3,000 cattle in Rajasthan and Gujarat and more than 400 in Punjab died from the disease.

    Members of the Rajasthan Association of North America (RANA) have galvanized in recent days to support farmers in their home state in their efforts to save livestock from the disease.

    Mass vaccination of cattle and an immediate halt to their inter-district movement are the two main steps needed to prevent further spread of the deadly disease, Ravi Murarka, president of the American Association of Veterinary Medicine told PTI on Saturday. Indian origin. .

    Murarka, originally from Rajasthan, is also the chairman of RANA’s Animal Welfare Community.

    Describing the outbreak of the disease during the monsoon season as a “perfect storm”, Murarka said talks had started with experts on how to tackle the disease and quickly send relevant vaccines to India. .

    “The the situation is very serious in Rajasthan right now,” Murarka said, adding that the massive death of cows would have a devastating impact on farmers and the economy.

    “It is important to control mosquitoes or keep the vector away from susceptible animals. Animals at risk should stay indoors at night to be safe from mosquitoes. Avoid transporting animals at night. It is advisable to brush animals at risk with lime, quicklime or slaked lime which forms a layer on the skin and reduces the ability of mosquitoes to reach the skin,” he said.

    “I think if we follow these measures, maybe it will help control the disease,” Murarka said.

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    Should patients – or any of the other 6 stakeholder groups – be paid for AI in healthcare? https://vetclinpathjournal.org/should-patients-or-any-of-the-other-6-stakeholder-groups-be-paid-for-ai-in-healthcare/ Sun, 07 Aug 2022 02:44:01 +0000 https://vetclinpathjournal.org/should-patients-or-any-of-the-other-6-stakeholder-groups-be-paid-for-ai-in-healthcare/

    1. The patients, it could be argued, are the rightful owners of any data created from their bodies, Rowell and Sebro suggest. Cells, images, demographics, patient outcomes – “if that data is used to build a lucrative AI system, it’s safe to say that that data has value.” After:

    It can be further argued that the patients to whom this data belongs should receive compensation for the use of their data in the development of these lucrative AI systems.

    Extending the IA patient puzzle to the perspective of family members, the authors present the case of Miss Henrietta. The HeLa cell line derived from Henrietta’s tumor “has proven to be seminal in the field of cancer research,” they note, adding that the line was created using her cervical cancer cells from the womb” without her permission or even her knowledge. Neither she nor her family benefited from the launch of this first immortalized cell line.

    Can the same be said of patients whose data is used to train AI systems? »

    2. Health professionals must care for a patient, diagnose a disease or condition, order tests or imaging, interpret those tests, communicate the results to the patient, and enter the data into a system where it can be referenced later to create reporting systems. ‘IA, underline the authors. “Therefore, during regular clinical care, healthcare professionals create an asset (data) that has value.” After:

    It takes healthcare professionals with years of training, knowledge and expertise to help train healthcare AI systems by annotating which patient data correlates with which disease, condition or outcome. interest. Additionally, healthcare professionals are also actively creating annotations or diagnostics to be used to train and validate AI systems. This process can be time consuming for medical professionals who are experts in their respective fields.

    3. Health systems invest in the infrastructure used to build AI systems. This includes laboratories, data storage facilities, and EHR hardware and software. Healthcare systems “must also bear other costs such as penalties associated with any data breach”.

    Since healthcare systems host and store data from AI systems, they can also claim ownership of the data. Healthcare systems may also develop AI systems and decision support systems in-house, and therefore may have financial rights to these systems.

    4. Health insurance companies store patient data and healthcare professional data to meet their business needs. These companies claim ownership of the data “because they indirectly invest in the infrastructure needed to create data used by healthcare AI systems.

    Private health insurers can also create, develop and maintain AI systems and therefore may have financial rights to these systems. As data has become a new commodity, the health insurance company’s claim to patients’ private health information can prove lucrative.

    5. US taxpayers contribute to the budget of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, which send patient data to large databases used for AI research. These large databases “are the result of millions of dollars in payments by American taxpayers,” note Rowell and Sebro.

    It can be argued that data and data-derived products from these databases should be made freely available to the American public because they were funded by American taxpayers.

    6. AI companies build healthcare AI systems, spend capital to get data, pay developers, market and maintain their software and hardware, the authors say.

    For these reasons, AI companies also have ownership claims over AI systems. AI companies usually have software license agreements that state that the licensor (AI company) owns the AI ​​system. »

    seven. AI developers “contribute strongly to the development of an algorithm that, in many cases, can operate for long periods of time to generate revenue for the software company through sales to health systems.”

    It seems that software companies will benefit the most financially from the revolution that AI promises to bring. How this potential revenue would be distributed through these software companies to software developers and shareholders is an entirely separate matter, although one imagines that the shareholders of these companies would certainly benefit.

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    A decade after the Oak Creek shooting, Sikh community members and experts push for better policies and resources https://vetclinpathjournal.org/a-decade-after-the-oak-creek-shooting-sikh-community-members-and-experts-push-for-better-policies-and-resources/ Sat, 06 Aug 2022 18:23:13 +0000 https://vetclinpathjournal.org/a-decade-after-the-oak-creek-shooting-sikh-community-members-and-experts-push-for-better-policies-and-resources/

    Wisconsin native Pardeep Kaleka was on his way to the Sikh temple in Wisconsin when he heard there was an active shooter in the gurdwara – in the same place where his parents and several other devotees were preparing a community meal.

    His mother survived the attack on August 5, 2012, but his father, Satwant Kaleka, doesn’t. He was one of seven innocent worshipers killed by a gunman ties to white nationalist neo-Nazi groups.

    “This tragedy has been heard, not only in the United States, but all over the world,” Kaleka said Friday at a vigil commemorating the event. “It resonated with every Sikh.”

    The shooting became the deadliest target offensive about Sikh Americans in United States history. So while hate crimes were not a new concept for Sikh Americans, the Oak Creek assault sent shockwaves through the community, said Sim J. Attariwala, senior policy and development officer. advocacy of the Sikh Coalition.

    “It was a dark day,” Attariwala told CBS News. “I think every Sikh I know, including myself, remembers exactly where they were when they heard the news of the Oak Creek shooting.”

    In the 10 years since the attack, the threat of white nationalism and crimes against Sikhs and other American minority groups has grown, he said.

    “Oak Creek can be taken as a warning of the increasingly violent and assertive role that white supremacy has decided to play in American society over the next decade,” Attariwala said. “Our community, the AAPI community, the Latino community, the black community, the Jewish community, the Muslim community — they all, I think, have a strong sense of vigilance.”

    Authorities such as the FBI and the Department of Homeland Security have found white supremacist groups to be one of the most dangerous threats in the United States, said Michael Lieberman of the Southern Poverty Law Center.

    Federal agencies “repeatedly identify what they consider to be the deadliest domestic threats today, which are number one: racially or ethnically motivated violent extremists who advocate white superiority,” Lieberman said. at CBS News. “And two: anti-government or anti-authority violent extremists.

    One way to potentially mitigate these threats in the future is to improve how hate crime data is tracked in this country, he said. Local law enforcement agencies only report hate crimes to the FBI voluntarily – they are not required to. This means that many hate crimes committed in the United States are likely to go unreported.

    “Having that data and taking data reporting seriously would help to be able to allocate resources,” Lieberman said. “If you know there have been three anti-Muslim hate crimes in a particular neighborhood, you can increase police patrols and reassure the community by asking city leaders to come out and talk to them.”

    In addition to improving hate crime tracking, some activists are pushing for more federal funding for security provisions at places of worship. Sahej Preet Singh of the Sikh Coalition said the government currently offers a grant for these institutions to receive money, it is a competitive process to actually get it.

    “This grant actually covers things like bulletproof glass, upgrading security alarms and installing new cameras and all that. So this money is really helping,” Singh told CBS News. “But at the moment the budget is limited, so the competition is getting really, really fierce.”

    If the government is able to increase the budget for this grant, more nonprofits and places of worship could get funding, he said.

    Tragedies and hate crimes like the one in Oak Creek can be hard on targeted communities, but Sikh Americans have turned their grief into motivation for change, Kaleka told CBS News.

    “What happened that day didn’t stop us from realizing that we have a role to play in America. It just made us more determined,” he said. “In times of grief and suffering, it sometimes brings out the worst in us. But for us, I think it brings out the best in us.”

    Lieberman said the world can look to the Sikh Americans’ response to the attack as an example of how to act in the face of tragedy. So far they’ve gotten the FBI to start tracking the number of hate crimes that specifically affect Sikhs, launched a National Day of Seva, also known as selfless service, where they encourage people to engage in some form of community service and have helped dozens of gurdwaras apply for the Federal Security Grant.

    “The resilience the community has shown and the way it has honored the memory of those who have been murdered comes through action,” he said. “The fact that so many in this community recognize that there is a way forward to try to make things better, not just for the American Sikh community, but for everyone else, it’s really a best practice for the people. communities.

    ]]> Pharmacopoeia Commission for Indian Medicine and Homeopathy (PCIMH) https://vetclinpathjournal.org/pharmacopoeia-commission-for-indian-medicine-and-homeopathy-pcimh/ Sat, 06 Aug 2022 09:29:04 +0000 https://vetclinpathjournal.org/pharmacopoeia-commission-for-indian-medicine-and-homeopathy-pcimh/

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    In the newsMinister Ayush spoke about the Pharmacopoeia Commission for Indian Medicine and Homeopathy in the Lok Sabha recently.

    About PCIMH-

    • The Commission was originally established as the Pharmacopoeia Commission for Indian Medicine (PCIM) on 18 August 2010 as an autonomous body under the Ministry of AYUSH and was registered under the Companies Registration Act 1860 on August 31, 2010.
    • Two central laboratories namely the Pharmacopoeia Laboratory for Indian Medicine (PLIM) and the Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia Laboratory (HPL) were both established as subordinate offices under the Ministry of Health and Welfare family in 1970 and 1975 respectively.
    • PLIM and HPL were designated as PCIM&H support structures in due course.
    • However, as per the decision of the central government, Homeopathy was incorporated and the Commission was renamed the Pharmacopoeia Commission for Indian Medicine and Homeopathy (PCIM&H) in July 2020.
    • The Commission is engaged in the development of pharmacopoeial standards for Ayurvedic, Unani, Siddha and homeopathic medicines.
    • In addition, PCIM&H also acts as a central drug testing and call laboratory for the Indian systems of medicine and homeopathy.
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