Veterinary – Vet Clin Path Journal Tue, 22 Nov 2022 04:09:04 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Veterinary – Vet Clin Path Journal 32 32 The community supports Meowth | Wyndham Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:29:14 +0000

By Fatima Hallum

A crowd gathered outside the University of Melbourne U-VET Werribee Animal Hospital on November 21 to protest its proposed closure.

The hospital provides specialized care and services for pets statewide.

U-Vet veterinary nurse Merissa Grovers said she had been at the hospital for nearly six years and was devastated to hear it might be closed.

“My heart is broken. For me, it’s not just my job,” she said.

“We are the only animal hospital in the West, our staff have nowhere to go, our customers have nowhere to go.”

Ms Grovers said the veterinary industry was already ‘drowning’ and if the planned closure took place she expected the shortage to worsen.

“The veterinary industry is often overlooked, but our pets are our family. Don’t we want the best for them?” she said.

“I really hope we can at least create some noise to show how important this is.”

Ms Grovers said she was “very overwhelmed” by the supportive response from the rest of the community.

“[The U-Vet hospital] is important to a lot of people,” she said.

A spokesperson for the University of Melbourne said the university encourages people to continue submitting feedback through the form linked to the U-Vet Facebook page.

“This is only a proposal, and we are actively consulting with the university community to ensure that the final decision has considered all potential options,” the spokesperson said.

“The proposal to cease operating U-Vet is in no way a reflection of the hard work and excellent service that our U-Vet staff provide to our customers and the community,” the spokesperson said. .

The university also offers the only globally accredited Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program in the state.

“If the proposal to cease operating the U-Vet Veterinary Hospital in Werribee goes ahead, alternative arrangements would be put in place to maintain necessary clinical teaching,” the spokesperson said.


Northern Ireland protocol will block 51% of veterinary medicines in seven weeks – vets are giving a serious public health, food supply, animal welfare and trade warning, a leading vet has warned . Sat, 19 Nov 2022 19:55:39 +0000

Now, Dr. Esther Skelly Smith, junior vice-president of the North of Ireland Veterinary Association and the British Veterinary Association NI Region, says the grace period on protocol restrictions on bringing veterinary pharmaceuticals into NI should run out at the end of December.

An estimated 51% of all current veterinary drugs will be blocked from January 1, she said.

A leading veterinary association has warned that a blockage of Northern Ireland’s protocol on importing 51% of animal medicines from Britain after January 1 could have serious implications for salmonella and eggs in Northern Ireland. Esther Skelly-Smith says there are serious ramifications for public health and the broader agri-food economy.

“The mood is, we’re very worried,” she told the News Letter.

“This will affect all sectors – farm, equine and companion animals – and will have significant implications for animal health and welfare, public health, trade and agricultural economics. The drugs affected include anesthetics and vaccines, including the salmonella vaccine for poultry, the loss of which poses a significant public health concern.”

“But it will not only affect agriculture, it will also affect pets and the equine industry. And the botulism vaccines that we can currently order from South Africa, these require an import license special and we’re afraid we won’t be allowed once the grace period ends.”

The loss of salmonella vaccines “could potentially mean that we won’t have certain egg products or eggs available due to public health concerns” and certain food products “could become more expensive” as a result, she warned.

Dr Esther Skelly-Smith warns the protocol will block 51% of veterinary drugs from Britain in seven weeks – with potentially serious public health ramifications, for example with salmonella.

“Our choice of veterinary medicines will be limited. So we could have welfare issues for your dog and your cat if we cannot use the veterinary medicine we want. This has a big implication on welfare.”

The NI protocol means that each batch of freshly manufactured veterinary medicinal product destined for the NI will need to be specially tested to confirm that it meets EU requirements.

“Longer term, the scale and costs of the changes needed to implement EU drug requirements mean that companies are likely to pull products from the NI market because it is too small for a viable commercial solution can be found.

The lack of Salmonella vaccines for poultry could also mean that NI products could be excluded from certain markets, for example the EU.

And even if a solution is found immediately, some veterinary suppliers have to buy the drugs well in advance.

“There doesn’t seem to be a will between the UK and the EU to deal with this issue, even though they are aware of it. That’s why my associations have been raising this issue for a considerable amount of time.”

“We want the government and the EU to agree on an extension of the grace period to mitigate the immediate effects. And in the long term, we would like them to come up with a solution to allow veterinary drugs to flow freely, similar to agreed for medicinal products for human use. medicinal products.”

The News Letter invited comments from the EU and the Irish government in response to Dr Skelly Smith and UFU President David Brown.

The UK government responded: “The UK’s priority is to protect the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement, and our aim has been and always will be to preserve political stability in Northern Ireland.

“We are currently in talks with the EU to resolve the issues with the protocol. Our proposals would ensure that veterinary medicines are available across the UK at the same time as in the EU.”

The spokesman added that the UK’s preference has always been for a negotiated solution over protocol, but also said it was needed quickly, which is why he introduced the Protocol Bill. Northern Ireland in parliament.

An EU spokesman said he would not comment on Dr Skelly-Smith’s concerns.

He added: “The EU is engaging constructively with the UK to find common solutions regarding the implementation of the protocol. In this context, the Commission is ready to find a solution with the United Kingdom to ensure the long-term continuity of the supply of veterinary medicinal products to Northern Ireland.

“The Commission has already shown flexibility in the field of veterinary medicinal products. In an opinion published in December 2021, it gave companies more time to adapt. The Commission will keep the timetable set out in this opinion under review. .”

Meanwhile, UUP Agriculture spokesman Tom Elliott also sounded the alarm about it.

“The potential impact on our agribusiness industry is significant to say the least and it should never have happened,” he said on Friday. “We have an unrivaled agribusiness industry, with excellent markets in Britain, the EU and around the world, which contribute over £500million to the economy of Northern Ireland.

“This is a very significant issue, not only for animal health and welfare, but also for public health, the food supply chain and the farming community in Northern Ireland. potential for serious repercussions. The risks are very real and should be treated as a matter.” urgently and that is why I have written to Her Majesty’s Government to point out this inequality and ask them to do everything in their power to resolve this problem.

Meanwhile, DUP South Down MP Diane Forsythe met Taoiseach Micheál Martin during her visit to her constituency on Friday morning.

“As the only Unionist MP for South Down, it was a useful opportunity to impress on Micheál Martin the need to replace protocol,” she said. “No elected union representative from South Down supports the protocol. We operate power sharing, not majority rule.

NegOcc vet wants Iloilo authorities to step up dissemination of information against African swine fever Thu, 17 Nov 2022 02:42:38 +0000

Acting Provincial Veterinarian Dr Placeda Lemana is urging authorities in Iloilo to help spread information about African swine fever. (Photo TDE)

TO AVOID transporting pork and its by-products into the province, Negros Occidental Provincial Veterinarian Dr Placeda Lemana has urged Iloilo authorities to help disseminate information about African Swine Fever (ASF) among the residents.

“This will help protect the pork industry and maintain the province’s status as African swine fever free,” Lemana said.

Five localities in Iloilo province are now infected with African swine fever.

“They said they want the province to maintain the African swine fever free status so that they source their supplies here for their breeders when the disease is already over in their respective regions,” Lemana said referring to his meeting with other veterinary officials from the Western Visayas.

Lemana also noted that from November 7 to 13, 2022, a total of 422.55 kilograms of pork and other pork by-products were confiscated at Bredco and Banago Ports in Bacolod City and Bacolod Airport. -Silay to Silay City.

Most of the pork products apprehended were from Iloilo, mostly left on tabs (ba-on) brought by travellers.

The products included chorizo, siopao, tapa, tocino, adobo, longanisa and ham, according to Provincial Veterinary Office (PVO) records.

The confiscated items are valued at 167,671 pesos, he added.

Iloilo has not imposed any ban on bringing pork and by-products out of their province, Lemana said.

Meanwhile, she said sanctions could soon be imposed on those transporting pork from African swine fever infected areas to the province.

Lemana said the existing order in the city of Bacolod will be applied to confiscations made at the ports of Bredco and Banago, while the provincial order will be applied at Bacolod-Silay airport.

The provincial ordinance imposes a term of imprisonment based on the volume while the municipal ordinance provides for a fine of 2,000 pula for the first offence, 3,000 pula for the second offense and 5,000 pula for the third offence.

Bacolod City and Negros Occidental previously formed a joint ASF task force to focus on implementing measures to protect the province’s 6 billion peso pork industry.*

Want to be a veterinarian? Here’s what you need to know Mon, 14 Nov 2022 07:14:00 +0000 This is Science Week, a week-long event held in Ireland every November, celebrating science in our daily lives. Many people contribute to it, including industry, colleges, schools, libraries, teachers, researchers and students across Ireland. I’m participating myself this year, giving a talk in Tullamore about something I’m passionate about: the science behind my work.

The work of a veterinarian is truly science in action. The emphasis on science starts in high school: if you want to get a veterinary education, you have to shine in as many science subjects as possible. You are expected to get top marks in physics, chemistry, biology, and math. There is no time for arts-type subjects such as English, history or languages. In your mind, you are now a scientist.

Veterinary students then spend five years learning the processes of animal life and disease, and then how treatments (medicine and surgery) can be used to improve the lives of animals. It’s all backed by science: every chapter of every textbook includes lists of references to research articles. Veterinary students must take modules on science-related topics such as genetics, immunology and statistics, as well as read and write scientific papers. Visits to the library to review key sources of knowledge are an integral part of studying for a veterinary degree.

Then, once you graduate as a veterinarian, you make a lifelong commitment to keeping up to date with scientific advances. Veterinarians are required to complete twenty hours per year of Continuing Veterinary Education (CVE) to ensure that they keep their knowledge up to date. Although it may seem tedious, there is a joy in learning new information. When I return to work after taking a training course, I feel more excited than ever. I look forward to the next difficult case so that I can put my new knowledge into practice. A scratching dog? Yes please! A cat with gum disease? Let me do it ! New treatments often have markedly improved effects and it is rewarding to put them into practice.

Veterinarians are trained in “evidence-based medicine”, which is a method of assessing the value of a source of information. There is a well-known “pyramid” of value assigned to different sources of information: the higher up the pyramid you go, the better the information and the more it can be trusted as scientific evidence.

The basic level, at the bottom of the pyramid, consists of widely known general information (e.g. manuals), expert opinions and anecdotal reports: this is often considered the “truth” by our society. , but the reality is that it can be heavily influenced by beliefs, opinions and even politics. There are many examples of how this can drift away from science in the veterinary world: for example, old-fashioned treatments for digestive disorders such as kaolin have been recommended in books and by experts for many years, although there is no solid evidence to support it. their.

The next level of the pyramid is case reports (eg, dogs with cruciate ligament rupture). These can signal successful treatments in a number of cases, but they are limited in that there are usually small numbers of participants, with few measures in place to account for biases caused by different factors. Nevertheless, series of case reports have played a key role in the veterinary world in areas such as the design of new and better surgical techniques to repair orthopedic problems in dogs and cats.

Cohort studies are at the top level of the pyramid: they follow a large group of animals over a long period of time, to see how they are affected by a variable (for example, cats exposed to passive smoking or dogs fed a specific diet). . A group can be compared to another group that is not affected by the same variable (eg, not exposed to smoke, not subject to a particular diet). The challenge with these studies is that they are not randomized or blinded (researchers know which group receives which variable), so they are prone to bias.

A randomized controlled trial (RCT) is a better design for a study when investigating new treatments: one group of animals receives the intervention under study while the other group, selected at random, receives no no treatment, a placebo or a standard intervention. This makes it easier to assess any benefit over a simple case series. However, bias is always possible, which is why the “double-blind randomized controlled trial” is used, where the researchers do not know which group the patients belong to.

To get to the top of the pyramid of evidence, there are systematic reviews and meta-analyses, where multiple trials and studies are combined and assessed, using complex statistics to draw conclusions about the value of a new type of treatment. .

In the ideal world, all veterinary interventions would be supported by evidence from the top of this pyramid. The reality is that this rarely happens: even for human medicine, it is too expensive and complicated to carry out and analyze all these studies. In the veterinary world, resources are even more limited, so we tend to make do with lower quality evidence.

This science-based education is helpful to veterinarians when choosing effective treatments, and it also helps us identify suggested treatments that are not supported by good evidence. This is why most veterinarians are skeptical of alternative therapies such as homeopathy, herbalism, unusual diets, and a range of other approaches that can be popularized on the internet. If there is no solid evidence of their beneficial effects, it is difficult for veterinarians to recommend them.

You may not think your vet is a scientist, and we don’t wear white coats or glasses, but there’s no doubt that vets really are scientists in action.

  • “Fully Vetted: the science of cats and dogs with Pete the Vet” takes place in Tullamore on November 15 at 7:30 p.m. Tickets are free at
  • The event is part of the Midlands Science Festival, supported by Science Foundation Ireland and this event is in association with Zoetis.


AVMA Calls for Leadership Candidates, Other Volunteers Fri, 11 Nov 2022 17:43:41 +0000

The AVMA is looking for volunteers to become leaders of the Association or to serve in board or committee positions, tackling key issues in veterinary medicine.

The Association is currently seeking candidates for the position of President-Elect and Vice-President and for two seats on the AVMA Board of Directors as well as nominations or applications for numerous other volunteer positions. Details and forms are available on the AVMA website or by email OfficeEVPavma [dot] org.

People crowd in the form of an arrow on a white background

President-Elect, Vice-President, Board of Directors

The AVMA is calling for candidates to run for elected President for the Association year running from summer 2024 to summer 2025 and Vice President for the Association years 2024-26 . While the Association will be accepting applications through the summer of 2024, applicants who submit materials by April 1, 2023 may formally announce their application and present themselves to the AVMA House of Delegates in conjunction with the 2023 AVMA Convention. .

Candidates will then have a full year to campaign. Election by the House will take place at its regular annual session in conjunction with the 2024 convention. The president-elect will serve as president for the 2025-26 year of the Association.

The AVMA will also continue to accept nominations for the 2023-24 President-elect through July 10, 2023. Election by the House will take place at its regular annual session in conjunction with the 2023 AVMA Convention in Denver, July 14, 2023. to July 18.

The Association is currently seeking nominations from AVMA voting members in Districts II and VI for representatives to serve on the Board of Directors for six-year terms beginning in the summer of 2023. District II includes the District of Columbia and the states of Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Virginia. District VI includes Illinois, Indiana, and Wisconsin.

The AVMA will accept nominations from a state VMA in each district or by petition from 50 AVMA voting members in the district. The deadline for receiving nominations is February 1, 2023. If the District has more than one nominee, the Association will distribute one ballot to each voting member of the District.

Councils, committees

In the spring of 2023, the AVMA Board of Education selection committee will select a COE member to represent private clinical practice. The committee will issue a call for nominations in mid-January. The deadline is March 15, 2023.

The AVMA House of Delegates will elect members of the AVMA Councils other than the WCC this summer at its regular annual session in conjunction with the 2023 AVMA Convention. The House fills vacancies on the Council Biological and Therapeutic Agents, Public Health Council, Research Council and Veterinary Services Council.

The AVMA will accept nominations for positions on these councils by HOD organizations or by petition from 10 voting members of the AVMA. The deadline is May 1, 2023.

The AVMA Board of Directors will fill many positions on the committee in April 2023. For many of these vacancies, AVMA members can apply on their own behalf or make a nomination on behalf of a other member. For other vacancies, nominations must be made by a specific organization represented in the HOD or as otherwise stated in the vacancy description. The deadline is March 31, 2023.

A resident, Richmond Heights police and a vet clinic team up to rescue a dying pit bull found in the woods Wed, 09 Nov 2022 04:01:00 +0000

RICHMOND HEIGHTS, Ohio — A female pit bull turned out to be one lucky dog ​​on Saturday (November 5), at a time when all hope for survival seemed lost.

At around 3:30 p.m. that day, according to a Richmond Heights police report, resident Brian Nych was walking his dog in the wooded area across from the Cuyahoga County airport when he spotted the emaciated pit bull lying down near a stream.

The pit bull was weak and, as police discovered, had difficulty standing.

Police Chief Thomas Wetzel, at the city council meeting on Tuesday (November 8), told council that when found the white pit bull “was practically dying”.

After receiving Nych’s call, Wetzel said: ‘We (police) had to take a short hike through (the woods) and (officers) encountered this dog, who was unwilling to let (the agents) come to him.

“They eventually coaxed him in, and they created a mounting system with ropes and stuff where they could get the dog to walk, but they couldn’t get too close.”

HRPD Sgt. Donald Stocum called VCA Great Lakes Veterinary Specialists, 4760 Richmond Road in Warrensville Heights. The veterinary clinic not only accepted the dog for care, but also offered to cover the cost of its treatment.

“(Officers) were able to put (the dog) in a police cruiser and transport him to VCA Veterinary in Warrensville Heights, and the vet clinic said they would (provide care) pro bono. Of course, we couldn’t pay (for the care), so they agreed to do it, and I commend them for that,” Wetzel said.

“(Officers) basically turned the cruiser into a canine ambulance, like a dog patrol, and they got that dog where it needed to be,” he said.

“The latest report we’ve had is that he’s recovering, believe it or not, because when you see (a photo of the dog when he was rescued) it looks awful.”

Police have not found an embedded microchip in the dog and its owner is still unknown.

Skate with a cop

Richmond Heights Police are teaming up with Euclid Police for the second year in a row to hold a skate with a cop event at Euclid’s CE Orr Arena, 22550 Milton Ave.

Residents of both cities are invited to skate free with police and firefighters from Richmond Heights and Euclid. The event is scheduled for 2-4 p.m. on December 10.

Learn more about the messenger of the sun.

Retirements and lack of newly qualified vets leave the profession in crisis Sun, 06 Nov 2022 10:56:00 +0000 If you want to get an idea of ​​the extent of the longstanding but growing national shortage of veterinarians, the classifieds of the Irish Veterinary Journal is a good starting point.

That’s according to Ian Fleming, a 45-year-old vet, based at Duntahane Veterinary Clinic, Fermoy, Co Cork.

“Every month in this newspaper you will see 60 to 70 ads, looking for vets,” he told the Irish Examiner.

Indeed, this reporter found about 80 classified ads looking for veterinarians when he visited the PLEI website this week.

“I am the case and the point of this issue,” he said. “I have 45 years of practice, including 44 years at Fermoy, so I wanted to take a step back.

“Not completely retiring”, he hastens to add, “but withdrawing from activities outside working hours. I posted an advertisement in June 2021 and received a few responses, but no one suited me.

“It took 15 months to find someone to fill the space, she’s a lovely girl and we’re happy to have her, but it still took 15 months.”

Recruitment and retention crisis

Mr. Fleming is a member of a group of vets who point to the urgent need for new veterinary schools to help deal with a recruitment and retention crisis in the profession.

The country does not have enough veterans and it does not train enough either. This follows a similar pattern to what is happening with GPs, Mr Fleming believes, where the number of qualified people is shrinking as demand soars, while not training enough practitioners.

“It’s the same boat, and the fragility of services is now starting to be exposed, especially in rural areas,” he explains.

And while there are problems across Ireland, it is especially in remote rural areas where there is most concern. Take Listowel for example. There are five vets – one is 80, two are 70 and two are 60.

They can’t bring anyone there. Dunmanway has its problems too, but you don’t have to be in the farthest corners of Cork and Kerry to see problems,”

Mr Fleming added that he had heard of a busy practice in Galway city which was struggling to recruit.

The shortage of veterinarians is not a new problem. Ireland has quietly relied on attracting large numbers of internationally trained vets to fill a gap that has been known and recognized for over a decade.

In 2007 the Competition Authority warned that Ireland should not depend on other countries to train vets for its own needs. Between 2001 and 2007, nearly 40% of new vets registered with the Veterinary Council of Ireland qualified outside the country.

Ian Fleming: “The fragility of services is now starting to be exposed, especially in rural areas. Photo: Denis Minihane

However, since then, this shortfall has worsened. In 2021, 70% of new vets entering the register were trained outside of Ireland, and 45% of those registrations came specifically from overseas vets.

At the same time, the demand for veterinary services shows no signs of stopping. More people than ever are pet owners now after the Covid-19 shutdowns, and the need for vets has also increased across private, corporate and state services.

If left unaddressed, a recruitment crisis in the profession will have serious implications for animal welfare and food production in the country, which will inevitably include the food industry and export trade.

Only one veterinary school

One of the main contributors to the recruitment problems, according to Mr Fleming, is that Ireland currently has only one veterinary school, at University College Dublin (UCD), offering around 80 places a year to students per year. intermediary of the CAO.

Each year, without fail, it is one of the most sought-after college courses in the country. Last year, it drew CAO first-round cut-off points of 601, requiring students to achieve top marks in all subjects and take higher-level mathematics.

There simply aren’t enough spaces to meet the demand. In 2007, UCD trained more than half of new veterinarians to join the registry. In 2021, this figure was 28%, less than a quarter of the annual demand of the last four years.

Mr. Fleming points to another set of problems associated with the high points bar.

The CAO bar is set too high and the teaching model is not suitable for professional practice.

This leads to a “mismatch” that contributes to a high attrition rate in the profession in recent years, he believes. The average time spent in practice is now seven years before leaving the profession.

Shortage of on-farm veterinarians

Those who qualify generally do not wish to specialize in large animals, which also contributes to the shortage of farm vets for rural areas.

In addition to the highlights, studying in Dublin brings another challenge. The cost of accommodation is simply out of reach for many families across the country.

As a result, every year hundreds of students wishing to become vets must study abroad, with the majority heading to Eastern Europe.

One such pupil is Lucy Buckley Keane, who attended Loreto Secondary School in Fermoy. She is currently a student at Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences in Poland, one of 35 Irish students to form a class of 50. This year is the highest number of students Irish that the college had.

Having grown up with all kinds of animals, she spent her free time riding horses and working in stables and stud farms.

“I wanted to be a vet since I was very young and never wanted to do anything else,” she said.

However, Dublin was out of reach for several reasons: the 600 point requirement; the cost of accommodation in Dublin; and even the cost of living in Ireland.

She will be in Poland for the next five and a half years.

“The fee is around €8,000 a year, which is less than what accommodation in Dublin would cost I think for the year.”

To go abroad

Students have been going abroad for a few years now, she added.

“This situation is not good enough. Ireland has a huge love for its animals and with the Irish farming and equine industry having a sufficient number of vets is vital.”

The Ministry of Higher and Higher Education and the Ministry of Agriculture have confirmed that each ministry is aware of the issues facing the profession.

In October, the Higher Education Authority asked all higher education institutions to register their expressions of interest in establishing a new veterinary school by 18 November.

It is expected that a full RFP will be published by January 16, with a view to opening for the 2024/25 academic year. This news is “very welcome”, Mr Fleming said, adding that there is still much to be done.

Ideally, we need three veterinary schools, but we need the second immediately. One of these schools should be located in Munster.”

In the long term, vets would also like to see a change to the current admissions system to better meet needs across the country. Mr Fleming would like points to be capped at 450, with students having to achieve good grades in Chemistry, Biology and Maths Leaving Cert.

This could then be combined with a ‘portfolio of experiences’, where a student came to demonstrate their love of working with animals, as well as an interview stage to measure a student’s empathy and other tendencies. .

Veterinarians would also like to see a new model of education as well as a focus on research, emphasizing the WHO concept of “One Health, One Wellbeing”.

For Lucy Buckley Keane, capping points and introducing a work experience portfolio would be a welcome change.

Another vet school in Munster would be fantastic and I hope that happens. I only wish it was already there so that I don’t have to leave home and come to Poland to fulfill my dream of becoming DVM.

“It was really really hard to leave home and my family and of course my pets, but unfortunately that was the only option I had, or else give up and that wasn’t an option for me.”

What to do if your pet is bitten by a snake Thu, 03 Nov 2022 20:50:59 +0000

Early fall brings pumpkins, falling leaves and baby snake season, as snakes are born and hatch from late summer to early fall. Cool weather also makes snakes more active, putting our curious dogs and cats at higher risk of poisonous bites.

It’s a good idea to get your pet to the nearest veterinary clinic in the safest and fastest way possible if they fall victim to a snake, whether or not you think the snake is venomous.

Dr. Lance Wheeler, resident veterinarian at the Texas A&M School of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, advises pet owners to familiarize themselves with venomous snakes native to their area.

Texas is home to 15 potentially dangerous snake species or subspecies, according to the Texas Department of Parks and Wildlife, the majority of which belong to the viper subspecies. Vipers include various rattlesnakes, copperheads, and moccasins or water moccasins. Only one snake in the cobra snake family, the coral snake, is native to Texas.

Snakebite symptoms to watch out for in dogs, cats and other pets include bite victim shaking or twitching, difficulty breathing, hind limb weakness causing collapse, loss of control bladder and intestines, vomiting, paralysis, salivation and enlarged pupils.

a coiled rattlesnake

If an animal is bitten, it is important to keep it as calm as possible. high blood pressure will increase blood flow and circulation of venom throughout the body.

Getty Images

It’s not always easy to spot bite marks on our furry friends, as bite marks are easily concealed in their fur. If your pet shows signs of weakness and fatigue, call the vet.

Treatment for a venomous snakebite begins at home with prehospital care and varies slightly between pit viper envenomation and coral snake envenomation.

“With viper envenomation, the most important thing is to keep the animal as calm as possible,” Wheeler explained. “The higher their blood pressure, the more anxious they are; this will increase blood flow and increase the circulation of venom throughout the body.

“So try to keep them calm. Go to the nearest veterinary clinic,” he said. “I know it’s tempting to go somewhere that has anti-venom, but the nearest vet can always stabilize them, assess them, and then quickly transport them somewhere else if they need help. anti-venom.”

While it’s important to know what to do if your dog or cat has been bitten by a potentially venomous snake, it’s also important to keep in mind that not all venomous snakebites have high levels of poisoning. poisoning. Your pet may not have been injected with venom, even if the snake inflicting the bite is venomous.

Your veterinarian will perform medical tests to determine whether or not your pet needs antivenom. The most important thing pet parents should do is get a suspected snake victim to the nearest hospital or veterinary clinic while remaining calm and keeping the animal as still as possible. once a bite has been detected or the animal begins to show symptoms of envenomation.

Wheeler also advises pet owners against practicing common myths associated with snakebites before heading to the nearest clinic.

“It’s not very useful to put ice or heat on these guys,” he said. “It has not been shown to be helpful to incise or aspirate the bites where the biting incident occurred. No tourniquets or pressure bandages either.

Ice packs, hot compresses, and tourniquets can cause dramatic tissue damage by isolating venom in one area. Isolation of the venom concentrates exposure and can lead to severe damage to muscles, skin, and other organs in the area.

Wheeler explained that aspiring a pet’s snakebite is complicated by its fur. Research into the benefits of aspirating the snakebite to remove venom suggests that the time needed to do so would be better spent getting the victim to the nearest veterinary clinic.

The most important thing to keep in mind is safety for you and your pet. Although identifying the snake can be helpful, you should not risk your personal safety by trying to capture the snake. This wastes time that you could be using to get your pet to the vet. If you suspect your pet has been bitten by a snake, take it to the vet immediately.

Instead of trying to capture the snake, Wheeler recommends taking a photo from a safe distance. He also recommends leaving dead or decapitated snakes behind, as they can still poison you and your pet. If you are unable to identify the snake, err on the side of caution and get to the veterinary clinic with your pet as quickly and safely as possible.

If you are able to safely identify the snake as venomous, pay close attention to whether it is a viper or a coral snake.

Coral snakes are easily recognized by their bright red, yellow, and black stripes; however, they are also easily confused with Scarlet Queensnakes. To differentiate a coral snake from a scarlet king snake, note the color of the head and the order in which their colored stripes are drawn. Coral snakes always have a black head with a striped pattern of black, yellow, red, yellow, black.

If the snake is a coral snake, pre-hospital treatment may require the animal’s parents to perform mouth-to-nose ventilation en route to the nearest veterinary hospital, as the coral snake’s venom can trigger respiratory paralysis, which that slows or stops the breathing of the victim animal. .

Coral snake venom is the most toxic, but coral snake envenomation only occurs in about 60 percent of coral snake exposures, according to a 2011 study published by Drs. Lyndi Gilliam and Jill Brunker. While many theories exist as to why exposure to the coral snake only results in venomation in 40% of exposure cases, Wheeler noted that it’s still important to take your pet to the vet on time. as soon as possible if you suspect it has been exposed to a coral snake.

“No one has coral snake antivenom, so just go to the nearest animal hospital,” Wheeler advised. “The most common cause of death from coral snake envenomation is [an abnormally low concentration of oxygen in the blood]. So we have to hospitalize these guys for at least 48 hours of monitoring because clinical signs can develop up to 36 hours after envenomation.

If you discover your pet has been the victim of a snakebite this season, stay calm and take them to the nearest veterinarian as quickly and safely as possible for an examination. This will help you and your pet get outside to enjoy the fall season change.

Pet Talk is a service of the School of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University. The stories can be viewed on the web at Suggestions for future topics can be directed to

Equine Veterinary Services Market with In-Depth Analysis Tue, 01 Nov 2022 12:07:00 +0000

Equine Veterinary Services

WMR’s latest release titled Equine Veterinary Services Market Research Report 2022 (by Product Type, End-User/Application and Regions/Countries) provides an in-depth assessment of Equine Veterinary Services, including key market trends, upcoming technologies, industry drivers, challenges, regulatory policies, key players company profiles and strategies. The global Equine Veterinary Services Market study with 100+ market data Tables, Pie Chart, Graphs & Figures is now published by WMR. The report presents a comprehensive assessment of the market covering future trends, current growth factors, careful opinions, facts, and industry-validated market data forecasts.

𝐑𝐞𝐪𝐮𝐞𝐬𝐭 𝐌𝐨𝐫𝐞 𝐈𝐧𝐟𝐨𝐫𝐦𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 𝐨𝐧 𝐭𝐡𝐢𝐬 𝐑𝐞𝐩𝐨𝐫𝐭 (𝐔𝐬𝐞 𝐂𝐨𝐫𝐩𝐨𝐫𝐚𝐭𝐞 𝐞𝐦𝐚𝐢𝐥 𝐈𝐃 𝐭𝐨 𝐆𝐞𝐭 𝐏𝐫𝐢𝐨𝐫𝐢𝐭𝐲 𝐏𝐫𝐢𝐨𝐫𝐢𝐭𝐲) 𝐚𝐭:

Global Equine Veterinary Services Market and Competitive Analysis

Know your current situation in the market! Not only an important element for new products but also for current products given the ever-changing market dynamics. The study allows marketers to stay in touch with current consumer trends and segments where they may face a rapid drop in market share. Find out who you really compete against in the marketplace, with Market Share Analysis, know the market position, % market share, and Segmented Revenue of Equine Veterinary Services Market.

𝐋𝐞𝐚𝐝𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐏𝐥𝐚𝐲𝐞𝐫𝐬:

◘ Addison Biological Laboratory Inc.
◘ Animart LLC
◘ CVS Group plc
◘ Veterinary Health Ethos
◘ Greencross Limited
◘ IDEXX Laboratories Inc.
◘ Mars Incorporated
◘ National Veterinary Care Ltd
◘ Patterson Companies Inc.
◘ Pets at Home Group Plc
◘ International Medical Management (IMM)
◘ National Veterinary Associates Inc.
◘ VCA Antech Inc.

Global Equine Veterinary Services Market Segment By Type:

◘ Pet
◘ Farm Animals

Equine Veterinary Services Market Segment By Application:

◘ Veterinary clinics
◘ Veterinary hospital
◘ Others

𝐆𝐞𝐭 𝐏𝐃𝐅 𝐁𝐫𝐨𝐜𝐡𝐮𝐫𝐞 :

Global Equine Veterinary Services Market Segmentation

The segmentation chapter allows readers to understand aspects of the global Equine Veterinary Services market such as products/services, available technologies, and applications. These chapters are written to describe years of development and the process that will unfold over the next few years. The research report also provides insightful insights into emerging trends that are likely to define the progress of these segments over the coming years.

As the downstream consumption generally follows the developed and rapidly growing economic areas, such as the BRICS, the enterprise in the developed areas prefers to invest in the underdeveloped areas in recent years.

𝐒𝐞𝐠𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐭𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐓𝐚𝐫𝐠𝐞𝐭𝐢𝐧𝐠

Essential demographic, geographic, psycho-graphic, and behavioral information about business segments in the Equine Veterinary Services market is targeted to aid in determining the features company should encompass in order to fit into the business requirements. For the consumer-based market – the study is also categorized with Equine Veterinary Services market maker insights to better understand who the customers are, their buying behavior and habits.

𝐅𝐨𝐫 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐠𝐥𝐨𝐛𝐚𝐥 𝐯𝐞𝐫𝐬𝐢𝐨𝐧, 𝐚 𝐥𝐢𝐬𝐭 𝐨𝐟 𝐛𝐞𝐥𝐨𝐰 𝐜𝐨𝐮𝐧𝐭𝐫𝐢𝐞𝐬 𝐛𝐲 𝐜𝐚𝐧 𝐛𝐞 𝐚𝐝𝐝𝐞𝐝 𝐚𝐬 𝐩𝐚𝐫𝐭 𝐨𝐟 𝐜𝐮𝐬𝐭𝐨𝐦𝐢𝐳𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 𝐚𝐭 𝐦𝐢𝐧𝐢𝐦𝐮𝐦 𝐜𝐨𝐬𝐭:

✥ North America (United States, Canada and Mexico)
✥ Asia-Pacific (Japan, China, India, Australia, etc.)
✥ Europe (Germany, UK, France, etc.)
✥ Central and South America (Brazil, Argentina, etc.)
✥ Middle East and Africa (United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, etc.)

Inquire for more detailed information about Equine Veterinary Services Market Report:

Equine Veterinary Services Product/Service Development

Knowing how products/services meet customer needs and what changes would be needed to make the product more attractive is the need for an hour. Useful approaches for focus groups using user testing and user experience research. Demand analysis always helps to correlate consumer preferences with innovation.

𝐌𝐚𝐫𝐤𝐞𝐭𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐂𝐨𝐦𝐦𝐮𝐧𝐢𝐜𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐒𝐚𝐥𝐞𝐬 𝐂𝐡𝐚𝐧𝐧𝐞𝐥

Understanding the effectiveness of marketing on an ongoing basis helps determine the potential of advertising and marketing communications and allows us to use best practices to tap into an untapped audience. In order for the marketers to come up with effective strategies and identify why the target market is not paying attention to it, we ensure that the study is segmented with appropriate marketing and sales channels to identify the potential market size by digit turnover and volume*

𝐏𝐫𝐢𝐜𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐅𝐨𝐫𝐞𝐜𝐚𝐬𝐭

Pricing/subscription still plays an important role in purchasing decisions; so we analyzed prices to determine how customers or businesses value them not only against competitors’ other product offerings, but also with immediate substitute products. In addition to future sales, separate chapters on cost analysis, labor*, production* and capacity are covered.

(Note: * if applicable)


This study is useful for all operators who wish to identify the exact size of their target audience at a specific geographic location. The Equine Veterinary Services Marketplace allows entrepreneurs to determine local markets for their business expansion. This study answers the following questions:

1. Where do the requirements come from?
2. Where do non-prospect customers reside?
3. What is the buying behavior of customers in a specific region?
4. What is the purchasing power of customers in a given region?

𝐘𝐨𝐮 𝐜𝐚𝐧 𝐁𝐮𝐲 𝐓𝐡𝐢𝐬 𝐑𝐞𝐩𝐨𝐫𝐭 𝐮𝐩 𝐭𝐨 𝟕𝟎% 𝐝𝐢𝐬𝐜𝐨𝐮𝐧𝐭 𝐚𝐭:

𝐇𝐚𝐯𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐨𝐮𝐫 𝐫𝐞𝐯𝐢𝐞𝐰𝐬 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐬𝐮𝐛𝐬𝐜𝐫𝐢𝐛𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐨𝐮𝐫 𝐫𝐞𝐩𝐨𝐫𝐭 𝐫𝐞𝐩𝐨𝐫𝐭 𝐡𝐞𝐥𝐩 𝐲𝐨𝐮 𝐬𝐨𝐥𝐯𝐞 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐬𝐮𝐛𝐬𝐞𝐪𝐮𝐞𝐧𝐭 𝐢𝐬𝐬𝐮𝐞𝐬:

✥ Uncertainty about the future: Our research and insights help our clients predict future pockets of revenue and areas of growth. This will guide customers to invest their resources.

✥ Understanding market sentiment: Having a good understanding of market sentiment is very important for your strategy. Our insights will help you see every eye on market sentiment. We maintain this analysis by working with key opinion leaders across the value chain of each industry we track.

✥ Understand the most reliable investment center: Our research evaluates investment centers in the market, taking into account demand, earnings and future returns. Clients can focus on the most prestigious investment centers through market research.

✥ Assess potential business partners: Our research and insights help our clients identify compatible business partners.

Contact us:

Mr Shah
Global Market Reports,
Tel: USA +1-415-871-0703
UK +44-203-289-4040
Japan +81-50-5539-1737

About Us:
Worldwide Market Reports is your one-stop repository of detailed and in-depth market research reports compiled by a long list of publishers around the world. We offer reports on virtually every domain and an extensive list of subdomains under the sun. In-depth market analysis by some of the most experienced analysts provides our diverse range of clients across all industries with essential decision-making insights to plan and align their market strategies with current market trends.

This press release was published on openPR.

Use of thermal imaging in feline care Sat, 29 Oct 2022 23:33:30 +0000 John C Godbold Jr, DVM, explained the colors that appear with temperature sensing technology and how they can lead to a diagnosis

When looking at a thermal image, practitioners can observe different colors distributed throughout their patients. Reds, blues, yellows and other colors light up the picture to paint a picture of what is going on with patients.

Speaking at the 2022 American Association of Feline Practitioners Conference in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Thermal Imaging 101

Using thermal imaging, practicing veterinarians will notice that when scanning a patient with normal blood flow, the colors will be symmetrical in a patient. The temperatures in the image will show up as unsymmetrical in a patient with abnormal blood flow or disease.

“Now let me jump in when we see thermal images, almost all of them, I’m going to show you colors that represent temperatures. The colors in the palette are very intuitive, ranging from what we mentally think of as being cold, which is black and purple, ranging from blue, green, yellow, orange, red, and white at the hottest temperatures. But here we have a non-symmetrical temperature distribution, and there must be a physiological reason for that,” said Godbold.

He explained that the color changes can be caused by an increase in temperature due to hyperthermia and increased blood flow due to inflammation or infection. Practitioners may notice decreased blood flow due to neurological damage, vasoconstriction, or infarction.

Godbold informed attendees that thermal imaging offers another way to see what’s going on with a patient besides normal scans because it gives a different point of view and provides a more comforting approach for their feline patients.

“Keep in mind as we talk about this, that the traditional imaging that we’ve been doing for years with X-rays, CT scans, MRIs and ultrasounds give us anatomical information, they show us structurally what’s going on What’s really different with thermal images is that we get functional and physiological information Thermal images tell us what’s going on in the tissue right now and tell us where we have hot spots [and] where we have cooler areas relative to each other,” Godbold said.

“Now the beauty of thermal imaging is that it’s part of what makes it so cat friendly, is it non-invasive, we don’t send anything to the cat, we just measure temperatures on the surface of the cat’s surfing body. It’s completely objective. It’s just a collection of data, and it’s incredibly quantitative data,” he added.

See the invisible

Thermal imaging can be used for wellness screens, sick patients, and geriatric patients. Godbold informed attendees that these images are not diagnostic, but can help provide early detection of physical problems, often before any structural changes manifest. This can be a crucial step for practitioners because if the images show a thyroid problem or problems with a patient’s legs, it potentially gives them an early diagnosis, early treatment, and possibly a better outcome for patients and patients. animal owners.

“I think thermal damage is part of the breadcrumb trail that we can use when working with patients. They allow us to be proactive rather than reactive because thermal images detect problems very early in the disease process. So we can identify areas that need further assessment and those thermal images, and we’ll talk about that case in a bit more detail later,” Godbold said.

When you look at the images, some parts of the body will be hot and others will usually always be cold. On the warm side, the eyes and anus are usually red as they are constantly warmer, while a cat’s tail will usually be present with cooler colors.


As healthcare professionals, Godbold understands that the evidence behind technology, like this, is an important part of its implementation in clinics. If the product has no scientific evidence to support its importance, there will be no pressure to use it in clinics. According to Godbold, the evidence is overwhelming of previous technology he worked with before it entered the veterinary field.

“I’ve had the opportunity to work with multiple technologies in this whole area with lasers and light-based modalities over the years. When they get into veterinary medicine, like everyone else, I want to see the evidence and I want to see the evidence specific to vets. I can honestly say that there is more evidence, vet and species specific, for the use of thermal imaging than any other technology I have worked with,” he said.

Although successful in studies, according to Godbold, thermal imaging cannot be a stand-alone product, and he cautioned participants to be aware of its limitations when using the product. It does not provide a specific problem unlike other imaging, but it can help by telling veterinary professionals where to start looking if they suspect a problem.

In concluding his lecture, he left participants with this last thought. “A little marketing slogan that’s been used for years with this terminology was ‘see the pain.’ and we don’t see the pain with thermal images. We see physiological changes and we see alterations in blood flow, but can thermal images help us identify areas that we need to check more closely to see if pain is present? Absolutely,” he concluded.


Godbold J. Feline Thermal Imaging: What Pretty Colors Tell Us. Presented at: 2022 American Association of Feline Practitioners Conference, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. October 27-30, 2022.